3 December 2014
Chapter 8 Retake Essay
In chapter 1 the book talks about how the powers in government are separated between states and national governments. This is very important to the rights of people. Also it doesn’t completely strip the states of the power they had under the Articles of Confederation. With this separation it helps prevent the situation where a state law contradicts a federal law. In the rest of the section it goes on to talk about the logistics of passing and vetoing laws and/or amendments. This is important because we learn that half of a house can say yes and half can say no and the governor will have the swing vote. I personally think that’s biased but it’s been that way for a while so why change it now. There are three types of powers in our government. They are delegated powers, reserved powers, and concurrent powers. Delegated powers are powers given specifically to the federal government. Reserved powers are powers that the states got to keep. Concurrent powers are powers that are shared between the state and federal government. The separation of powers keeps each government from making contradicting laws.
In section 2 the book talks about the state law-making process. The way it is set up is bicameral, meaning 2 houses. Similar to federal government, there is a senate and a house of representatives. To be elected into either of the two houses, one must be very qualified because they do serious tasks. The qualifications consist of age, experience, living area, and US citizens. To pass state laws a bill must go through a very long process. First, a bill is introduced by a member of either house. Once it is introduced then it is assigned a number and sent to the correct committee. When it’s sent to a committee, that committee decides where or not to hold a hearing or not on the bill. Amendments can be added to the bill at this point. The committee may vote to pass the bill, change the bill,...