SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:
Mrs. Richa Sharma Pratyasha Tagra Faculty (Mgmt. Dept.) MBA III- HR
In the past thirty years or so, teamworking has grown in importance. Until relatively recently, roles at work were well-defined. In the traditional factory, for example, there was strict division of responsibilities and most job titles conveyed exactly what people did. But with advances in technology and education, employers began to place a growing emphasis on versatility, leading to an increasing interest in teamworking at all levels. The gradual replacement of traditional hierarchical forms with flatter organisational structures, in which employees are expected to fill a variety of roles, has also played a part in the rise of the team.
What is a Team?
There are numerous definitions, but to be precise a team is simply defined as a limited number of people who have shared objectives at work and who co-operate, on a permanent or temporary basis, to achieve those objectives in a way that allows each individual to make a distinctive contribution.
Types of Team
There are many types of teams. What follows is not a comprehensive list, and there are other typologies or classifications.
• Production and service teams - examples are in production, construction, sales and health care. They have a relatively long life-span, providing an ongoing product or service to customers or the organisation.
• Project and development teams - including research and product development teams. They are dedicated to a particular objective, and have limited life-spans and a clear set of short-term objectives. They are often cross-functional, with members selected for the contribution their...