The Bible occupies a highly authorative status in the history of the Western world, particularly direct and meaningful connections with the Judo-Christian traditions. The Role of Women in the Bible is usually underestimated by Biblical scholars, on the grounds that the traditional Hebrew-Jewish society was patriarchal in nature. However it is meaningful to point out on the role of Ruth, within the context of the Old Testament chronology. The presentation is going to provide an insightful perception of her socio-cultural background, her spiritual visions, personality, philosophy and accessibility to the orient Hebrew people and the exclusive elements which the distinct in the line of the Jewish leaders.
The term Ruth implies a friend. The names in the Bible have a particular etymological meaning. The names of all Bible leaders and prophets are all indicative of all qualities of grace and beauty, which the ancient Hebrews, in the eyes of God, "ought" to possess.
Ruth is a Moabitess. Anthropologically the ancient Hebrew society was divided up into different competing factional groups. Hebrew leaders foremost of which is Ruth had a function to forge a bridging point between and among such factions. Since this safeguards the very existence of the Jewish nation.
Ruth came from a relatively "closed" society. The Jews were always throughout their history a relatively inward focus nation, particularly within the highly turbulent and politically vulnerable Middle East region. Within this context Ruth had a two-fold political role on the one hand to ensure the internal unity of the Hebrews and to safeguard their existence vis-à-vis the highly quarrelsome and hazardous Semitic neighbours.
One has to distinguish between the private family life of Ruth, and her wider social orientated life. Some scholars argue that those two dimensions are directly overlapping. Ruth was the wife of Mahlon, where father Elimelch had settled in the land of Moab.