Chapter 1 Questions:
1. What do you believe is the more important influence on children’s development—nature or nurture? Why? What might be some developmental examples of the interplay between genes & environment?
I believe that nurture is more influential on a child. There are many factors that may change a child’s development; factors like environment, economic wealth, and family stability are a few of the many factors that have more impact on growth than the genes that our parents give us.
2. What were the concepts of childhood held by Plato, Locke, and Rousseau? State each concept separately under each person.
Plato: He proposed that children should be separated from their parent’s early life and be brought up by the state. He believed that socialization and the environment are critical factors in development.
Locke: He proposed that children are a blank slate, or ‘tabula rasa’. He believed that the environment is the driving force in development. Through the parents, the children are socialized.
Rousseau: He said that children are merely miniature and inferior adults. He emphasized the importance of internal, or innate, forces. He emphasized on letting the natural qualities of the child dictate his or her development.
3. What is the transactional perspective on development?
Transactional Development: results from the continuous and dynamic interplay between the diverse qualities that individuals bring to their environments and the diverse environments that individuals experience. It implies development is influence in multiple ways, emphasizes the divergent nature of development, and has important implications for social policy.
Chapter 2 Questions:
Explain briefly each of the following theories of child development, being sure to mention theorist/s associated with each.
1. Evolutionary Theory
Darwin is associated with this one. These theories focus on how behaviors promote the survival of the...