The problem of the effective solid waste management is very important nowadays and the solution of this problem is necessary not only to the safety of human environment but to human health as well. At the same time, it is necessary to underline that often a little attention is paid to this problem and the solid waste are often disposed improperly. What is more, this problem is considered to be less important than the problem of proper disposal of other types of waste, such as radioactive. However, the danger and potential threat of solid waste often remains underestimated.
First of all, it should be said that solid waste may represent a serious threat to human health and environment. It is not a secret that nowadays practically all industries tend to produce products that could be recycled or processed with minimal harm to the environment. Nevertheless, it is practically impossible, at least on the current level of the development of technologies, refuse from the use of materials and products that contribute to the growth of solid waste (Suid 1993).
Unlike, some other types of waste, solid waste possesses certain characteristics which make it quite dangerous to the environment and may affect considerably human health. Firstly, it should be said that solid waste cannot be naturally processed and, what is more, it pollutes the environment increasing the number of wastes constantly since, as a rule, as this type of waste is not processed naturally and remains not recycled artificially, than naturally this lead to the accumulation of the stock of solid waste. In practice, this means that this waste need the landfill that is properly build and the measures preventing the spread of waste or its negative influence on the environment and human health are undertaken.
Furthermore, under the impact of natural factors and in the result of improper disposal practices, solid waste may have negative impact on environment and human health causing various types of health...