Western Civ to 1650
Capitularies are laws that most assemblies used at least once. They were taken out to the various regions and implemented by key local officers. This is significant because the idea is that the realm is being ruled jointly by the king and his companions.
Christendom- Charles saw his realm as New Israel; they identified themselves as the new chosen people. They adapted Augustine’s City of God to a political philosophy that made their city the city of god. This manipulation of the Augustinian ideal was how the idea of Christendom was born. This is significant because it was a uniform, universal and universalizing Western civilization.
Alcuin of York- He became a leading scholar and teacher at the Carolingian court, where he remained a figure at court. He wrote many theological and dogmatic poems. He is significant because he was considered one of the most important architects of the Carolingian renaissance.
Scriptorium- A place for writing. These were very important rooms because this is where everything was written down and copied.
The seven liberal arts are Grammar, Rhetoric, Logic, Arithmetic, geometry, Music, and Astronomy. These arts are extremely important because this is what made people smart. These arts are how we became smarter as a culture and how we evolved into a complicated society. Scholars would learn these skills and invent and add and invent things to society.
The three-field rotation was a way to put horses to work and keep them fed. They rotated the horses. It was an effective way to grow wheat, oats, peas, barley, and beans all on different fields at different times. This took more than 2 centuries to adopt and it is very significant because it prevented them from losing one of the crops. They were able to successfully rotate the crops on the three fields.
Ministerial Kingship was the Christian purpose of rulership and the superiority of clergy over laity were expressions of...