1st Semester World History Final Study Guide
1. Be able to define these terms:monotheism, polytheism, Lutheranism, Romans, aristocracy, monarchy, oligarchy, democracy, direct democracy, divine right, Parliament, Republic, and Senate.
Monotheism was a type of government with a single person called a king or monarch in rule. Polytheism wasa the belief of more than one god. Lutheranism is the religion of belonging to a Protestant church. Lutherans are very faithful and believe Jesus is very sacred. Romans were inhabitants of the ancient Roman Empire. Aristocracy is the most powerful members of a society. Monarchy is an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority. Oligarchy is a form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite. Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people.Direct Democracy is citizens making policy and law decisions in person, without going through legislatures. Divine Right is the idea that monarchs are God's representatives on earth and are therefore answerable only to God. Parliament is a a legislative assembly. Republic is a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them. Senate is an assembly possessing high legislative powers.
5. What were the causes of the Napoleon War? Why did Napoleon want to control all of Europe?
The causes of the Napoleon War were, first that he was too ambitious. His personality proved to be a great danger to his empire. His desire for power was leading him to his doom. He unsuccessfully tried to extend the French Empire and crush Great Britain. Napoleon wanted to control all of Europe because he was not happy with just being the master of France. He wanted to control the rest of Europe and to reassert French power in the Americas.
6. What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna? The congress helped to generate what movement?...