The state is seen as a set of organisations and practices that aims to prevent social chaos and make social order within a defined territory. It refers to the shared ideas and expectations regarding the ordering of social life and establishes who might legitimately claim to exercise authority over many...
Personal Identifier No:
Date: 14 May 2014
Question: Examine and assess the view that the legitimacy of states is always contested.
It is first important to establish the definition of the term “State(s)”. Blakely & Saward describes “as a formless mass that can be considered everywhere...
Examine and assess the idea that the authority of the state to govern is always contested
This essay will explore the assertion above by considering democratic governing, ‘troubles’ in Northern Ireland, and international relations including the UN. It will conclude that the state’s authority is always...
are both topical, but subjective and contested concepts. This essay will examine the background of each concept by means of analysing the accepted definitions of both and who the major actors are in the implementation of best practice. The reader will find a contested nature exists between good governance...
1. What is performance auditing?
1.1 What is performance auditing according to INTOSAI?
INTOSAI’s Auditing Standards (AS 1.0.38 and 1.0.40) state the following:
‘The full scope of government auditing includes regularity and performance audit’, and ‘Performance auditing is concerned with the audit...
In recent years, China rapid economic expansion has driven state development toward overseas engagement, with a primary focus on securing resources to sustain its economic growth and garnering influence to advance its geopolitical worldview. Consequently, China’s mix of economic development...
Wall – Global cyber crime, cyber deception and theft, pornography and cyber violence
Globalisation – Green crime, human rights and state crime
Held et al. – Global crime economy
Castells – Global crimes, trafficking, sex tourism, cyber crimes
Global risk consciousness
Hobbs and Dunningham...
In countries governed by the rule of law, the government is itself subject to the law. When an expropriation is contested, the final say on the legitimacy of the expropriation or the terms on which compensation is made should be handled by a court or other tribunal. The Private Finance...
ANOVA to measure its impact on perceived legitimacy of law enforcement. The inference of race from reading a name in a short paragraph was manipulated in conjunction with the driver receiving a ticket or a warning for running a red light. Tyler’s The Legitimacy of Law Enforcement Scale, (1990) was used...
To evaluate this, this essay will first examine one of the leading Holocaust deniers today, David Irving. It will use a number of sources to carry out an investigation into the life and career of...
of Doctor of Philosophy
Gerard Martin Conway
School of Law
Abstract: This thesis examines the topic of conflict of norms in European Union
(EU) law and the legal reasoning of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), arguing
that the framework...
1. The Underlying Likeness among the Concepts of Legitimacy, Sovereignty, and Authority.
The original meaning of legitimacy is the rightful king or queen was on the throne by reason of “legitimate” birth. Legitimacy now refers to an attitude in people’s minds – in some countries strong...
Examine the claim that ‘state legitimacy is closely associated with democracy’ (Blakeley and Saward, 2009, p.370).
State legitimacy refers to the popular acceptance of a governing body or bodies by citizens. Democracy is a greatly debated term broadly...
competing views are circulated on globalization’s affect upon democracy; one view is that globalization promotes democracy, another view argues just the opposite; the last view, claims that globalization and democracy are not inner related. This paper will focus on the first two competing views by trying...
as Singapore's third Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong gave a landmark speech to the Harvard Club
of Singapore in which he outlined a new style of state-society relations. Claiming that "I have no doubt that our society must open up further",
Lee emphasized that one of the important tasks facing the...
gender practice enacted by individual groups and intuitions, previously focused on the male sex role is now accepted, that is it not a clear simple state of being. Conflicts within personality and emotional compromises by male body builders with an alpha male exterior but exhibiting homosexual tendencies...
experimental, quasi-experimental, survey and rigorously defined methods (Young, 2005 in Denzin and Lincoln, 1994).
The alternative view of the Phenomenology approach states that reality is socially constructed rather than objectively determined. The focus here is on understanding what is happening and...
does not change overtime, does not facilitate social change, tends to be irrational and inconsistent, and perpetuates the status quo. In fact, Weber states: “The creation of new law opposite traditional norms is deemed impossible in principle.” Traditional authority is typically embodied in feudalism or...
structured antagonism is carried into the international sphere, on to the ‘contested terrain’ of the MNC (Edwards and Bélanger, 2009). The article first discusses a conceptualization of power in relation to MNCs. Second, it examines power capabilities and interests of different groups of actors within the...
the Presumption of Innocence: The Case of Corporate
Ó Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013
Abstract I examine how deferred-prosecution agreements employed against suspected
corporate criminality amount to a form of social engineering that infringes the presumption...
The statement seems at first glance to offer a much generalised and often contested view of the separation of powers embodied in constitutional theory. That is to say that Parliament makes laws and the judiciary as slaves to the rules, should simply apply them to a particular case. This perhaps is what...
Following the landmark Supreme Court case in 1973, abortion became a legal option under limited circumstances for women in the United States when faced with the prospect of an unwanted pregnancy. Now forty-one years removed from Roe vs. Wade, abortion continues to generate an ample amount...
EU lawyers are long used to reflecting on the fundamental ways in which the legal systems and governance of its component States have been affected by their membership of the European Union. In more recent times, however, and in particular since the conclusion of the Uruguay...
Examine and assess the ways in which the state claims legitimacy.
The state refers to the shared ideas and expectations regarding the ordering of social life, it
is seen by social scientists as a set of practices and organisations. The state is an
institutional order striving to create some order...
is no mobility between Hindu castes, caste distinctions did not play as important a role in Bangladesh as in they did in the Hindu-dominated Indian state of West Bengal. Bangladeshi Hindus seemed to have become part of the mainstream culture without surrendering their religious and cultural distinctions...
take account of the developments rendering the Westphalian model obsolete. The task is to reformulate democratic theory in order grasp the erosion of state autonomy and to conceptualize a new political order. Thus the political dimension of globalisation is in focus and this offers interesting perspectives...
by businesses to address some of the challenges they confront in their external environment. This paper examines various arguments from proponents and critics of CSR. In addition, this paper examines the case of oil Multinational in Nigeria as way of ascertaining the validity of the different positions...
disenchantment with political parties, along with social status and education, are the main determinants of political participation. After doing this, I examine elitist and participatory attitudes towards democracy, finding the concept of apathy within both schools of thought to be radically different.
Business ethics (also corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals...
you do the
right things for the environment, you'll have a stronger business so that you can make more money. It's not
about sort of a condescending view… I don't know if that's subtle or if people don't get it, but it's very
important. It's about interdependence rather than balance. It's about mutual...