The state is seen as a set of organisations and practices that aims to prevent social chaos and make social order within a defined territory. It refers to the shared ideas and expectations regarding the ordering of social life and establishes who might legitimately claim to exercise authority over many...
Examine and assess the idea that the authority of the state to govern is always contested
This essay will explore the assertion above by considering democratic governing, ‘troubles’ in Northern Ireland, and international relations including the UN. It will conclude that the state’s authority is always...
Examine and assess the idea that the authority of the state to govern is always contested.
Authority is a source of expert information or opinion. Alternatively, a government by consent of those governed. This key idea is having the right to govern. Authority also maybe known as legitimacy Firstly...
Ideology ? what is it?
*TOK style of critical questioning
Pol sci: ability to predict events based on rpesent events
2nd term: states and institutions
What is legislation?
Design reflecting politics: ie german legislature vs. house of commons
Where and how do we learn?
Examine and assess the view that relationships between states lack order.
The term ‘State’ can be defined in a number of ways. State refers to a set of organisations who share ideas and expectations regarding the ordering of social life. The organisations and practices are there...
things: (i) Identify and examine the proffered theory and hypothesis for their power to explain the data; (ii) Examine the data that supports (and undermines) the expert's theory; (iii) Use supportable assumptions to fill the inevitable gaps between data and theory; (iv) Examine the methodology; and (v)...
competing views are circulated on globalization’s affect upon democracy; one view is that globalization promotes democracy, another view argues just the opposite; the last view, claims that globalization and democracy are not inner related. This paper will focus on the first two competing views by trying...
that Section decided to give notice of the applications to the Government. Under the provisions of Article 29 § 3 of the Convention, it decided to examine the merits of the applications at the same time as their admissibility. On 10 February 2009 the Chamber, composed of the following judges: Nicolas...
of Doctor of Philosophy
Gerard Martin Conway
School of Law
Abstract: This thesis examines the topic of conflict of norms in European Union
(EU) law and the legal reasoning of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), arguing
that the framework...
Agricultural Biofuels: Two Ethical Issues
Paul B. thompson
Michigan State University East Lansing, MI
The science and engineering of developing biobased energy alternatives comprise known capabilities, highly plausible conjectures and problems yet to be solved. But scientists and engineers need...
disenchantment with political parties, along with social status and education, are the main determinants of political participation. After doing this, I examine elitist and participatory attitudes towards democracy, finding the concept of apathy within both schools of thought to be radically different.
take account of the developments rendering the Westphalian model obsolete. The task is to reformulate democratic theory in order grasp the erosion of state autonomy and to conceptualize a new political order. Thus the political dimension of globalisation is in focus and this offers interesting perspectives...
To evaluate this, this essay will first examine one of the leading Holocaust deniers today, David Irving. It will use a number of sources to carry out an investigation into the life and career of...
1. What is performance auditing?
1.1 What is performance auditing according to INTOSAI?
INTOSAI’s Auditing Standards (AS 1.0.38 and 1.0.40) state the following:
‘The full scope of government auditing includes regularity and performance audit’, and ‘Performance auditing is concerned with the audit...
as Singapore's third Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong gave a landmark speech to the Harvard Club
of Singapore in which he outlined a new style of state-society relations. Claiming that "I have no doubt that our society must open up further",
Lee emphasized that one of the important tasks facing the...
In countries governed by the rule of law, the government is itself subject to the law. When an expropriation is contested, the final say on the legitimacy of the expropriation or the terms on which compensation is made should be handled by a court or other tribunal. The Private Finance...
This essay will examine a different views on state its functions and purposes and the way how the
state is, describe how the state claim legitimacy and whether the authority of a state to govern is
contested. The state is presented everywhere as it is complex of things which...
What is the world order?
← The rules and regulations that apply to relationships between states at any given time in history.
← It could refer to the balance of power or the relationship between nation states and IGOs/NGOs.
← Between 1945 & 1989 this was defined by the Cold War – an ideological conflict...
the Presumption of Innocence: The Case of Corporate
Ó Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013
Abstract I examine how deferred-prosecution agreements employed against suspected
corporate criminality amount to a form of social engineering that infringes the presumption...
gender practice enacted by individual groups and intuitions, previously focused on the male sex role is now accepted, that is it not a clear simple state of being. Conflicts within personality and emotional compromises by male body builders with an alpha male exterior but exhibiting homosexual tendencies...
does not change overtime, does not facilitate social change, tends to be irrational and inconsistent, and perpetuates the status quo. In fact, Weber states: “The creation of new law opposite traditional norms is deemed impossible in principle.” Traditional authority is typically embodied in feudalism or...
Following the landmark Supreme Court case in 1973, abortion became a legal option under limited circumstances for women in the United States when faced with the prospect of an unwanted pregnancy. Now forty-one years removed from Roe vs. Wade, abortion continues to generate an ample amount...
are both topical, but subjective and contested concepts. This essay will examine the background of each concept by means of analysing the accepted definitions of both and who the major actors are in the implementation of best practice. The reader will find a contested nature exists between good governance...
more than a billion of them are currently subjected. – United Nations Millennium Declaration, September 2000
Since the end of the Second World War, states in international society have managed to repeatedly agree that global poverty is not a legitimate practice. Numerous articulations of human rights...
1. The Underlying Likeness among the Concepts of Legitimacy, Sovereignty, and Authority.
The original meaning of legitimacy is the rightful king or queen was on the throne by reason of “legitimate” birth. Legitimacy now refers to an attitude in people’s minds – in some countries strong...
Examine the claim that ‘state legitimacy is closely associated with democracy’ (Blakeley and Saward, 2009, p.370).
State legitimacy refers to the popular acceptance of a governing body or bodies by citizens. Democracy is a greatly debated term broadly...
experimental, quasi-experimental, survey and rigorously defined methods (Young, 2005 in Denzin and Lincoln, 1994).
The alternative view of the Phenomenology approach states that reality is socially constructed rather than objectively determined. The focus here is on understanding what is happening and...
In recent years, China rapid economic expansion has driven state development toward overseas engagement, with a primary focus on securing resources to sustain its economic growth and garnering influence to advance its geopolitical worldview. Consequently, China’s mix of economic development...
EU lawyers are long used to reflecting on the fundamental ways in which the legal systems and governance of its component States have been affected by their membership of the European Union. In more recent times, however, and in particular since the conclusion of the Uruguay...
Examine and assess the ways in which the state claims legitimacy.
The state refers to the shared ideas and expectations regarding the ordering of social life, it
is seen by social scientists as a set of practices and organisations. The state is an
institutional order striving to create some order...