Urdu - The Origin and History of the Language
Published on February 17 2014 by www.eautytask.com
The term 'Urdu' and its origin
The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu languagedeveloped between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities...
The term 'Urdu' and its origin
The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers...
Pakistan dayIndependence Day (Urdu: یوم آزادی; Yaum-e Āzādī), observed annually on August 14, is a national holiday in Pakistan, commemorating the day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation, following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pakistan came into existence as...
National Education Day
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA HAS DECIDED TO OBSERVE 11th NOVEMBER, THE BIRTHDAY OF MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD, A GREAT FREEDOM FIGHTER, AN EMINENT EDUCATIONIST AND FIRST UNION MINISTER OF EDUCATION, AS ‘NATIONAL EDUCATION DAY’ EVERY YEAR FROM 2008 ONWARDS.
A brief biography...
Marathi 11. Nepali 12. Oriya
13. Punjabi 14. Sanskrit 15. Sindhi
16. Tamil 17. Telugu 18. Urdu
All the languages have their own scripts, most of which are written from left to right. Kashmiri, Sindhi and Urdu use the Arabic script and are written from right to left. Hindi is the official language of...
first woman editor of an Urdu newspaper, the Mumbai-edition
of Avadhnama, decided to reprint one of the covers of Charlie
Hebdo to illustrate an article quoting the Pope’s remarks on the
limits to freedom of expression, she probably never imagined
the consequences. The next day, she was compelled to...
of the West during the 20th century. The “European Civil War” cracked the previously impenetrable British Empire, and had a direct effect on the independence movement within India. As Germany attempted to hurt the British by infiltrating India and establishing the roots of rebellion through the Hindu-German...
the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage ofMahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in...
the English-speaking Caribbean, "where independence and black power now favour national and ethnic appellations, the term 'Creole' is today considered old-fashioned, self-conscious, or 'arty'" (1972:33). But thirty years later there had been a post-independence resurgence of the term, particularly in...
bossy with everyone. Martyn said: ‘You don’t know my sister. I’ve been explaining and exhorting and entreating and commanding and all the rest of it all day-lost my temper since seven this morning, and haven’t got it back yet-but she wouldn’t hear of any compromise.’
She refuses a lot of offers of...
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Urdu: محمد علی جناح (help·info) (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a Pakistani politician and leader of the All India Muslim League who founded Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General. He is officially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم — "Great...
accident; the goals of the British education policy were to get
political control and to produce a cost-effective administrative bureaucracy. In the early days of colonialism, the
British sought the help of British missionaries to control
the indigenous educational institutions in order to exert
Republic Day Parade
An Agni-II intermediate range ballistic missile displayed at the Republic Day Parade in 2004.The Republic Day Parade is an annual military and cultural parade held in the Indian Capital of New Delhi on 26 January, the Republic Day of India. Republic Day is celebrated with the hoisting...
Many people believe that women have become independent. The issue of women’s independence has been widely discussed in our time. Scholars have argued for and against women’s independence. In this essay, I will bring forth opponents’ prospective regarding the fact that women have become more independent...
As my group and I interviewed Amjad Islam Amjad we got to know several reasons for the changes that English has brought to the Urdu language over the period of time. The two I will be discussing are:
* Differences in schooling.
* Government role in making English as an official language.
The Day Quaid Led A Procession To Our House
Bantva is a small town in Kathiawar, India, the birthplace of many a prominent Memon personality. This town has produced the largest number of millionaires and eminent persons. Sattar Edhi, the social worker par excellence, Abdul Razzak Dawood...
language is URDU.
URDU- THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE OF PAKISTAN
Urdu is our national language. It has played an importyant role in the articulation of muslim culture in South East Asia.It has been rightly said that urdu had been the a symbol, an issue and a weapon in our struggle for independence. The 1973...
Implication of Stages of Ethnicity to East Pakistan Crisis (1971)
Pakistan got independence on 14th August 1947. The separate homeland was demanded by Muslims to live their lives according to their own way or parameters. After separation the task of nation building in Pakistan was constrained...
journal (which belonged to Sir Abdul Qadir) in 1901 and were acclaimed by critics as cutting a new path in Urdu poetry.
It did not take him long to win recognition as a rising star on the firmament of Urdu literature.
In the mean time he had done his MA in Philosophy and was appointed as a Lecturer in History...
social leader who played a leading role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation. In India and elsewhere, he was often addressed as Sardar, which means Chief in Hindi, Urdu and Persian.
He was raised in the countryside of Gujarat. Vallabhbhai...
Pakistan (Listeni/ˈpækɨstæn/ or Listeni/pɑːkiˈstɑːn/; Urdu: پاكِستان, Pākistān, Urdu: [pɑːkɪst̪ɑːn] ( listen)), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جُمہُوریۂ پاكِستان, Islāmī Jumhūriya'eh Pākistān, Urdu: [ɪslɑːmi d͡ʒʊmɦuːriə-e pɑːkɪst̪ɑːn]), is a sovereign country in South Asia...
important impediment” was that no “coherent connected” record of progress and growth of the Press was available in each of the languages.
The case of Urdu Press, which is the second oldest language press of the Sub-continent after Bengali (the mother tongue of Bengal), and the first in the rest of India...
vibrant media landscape, which in spite of political pressure and
direct bans that they are sometimes subject to from the state, the media
enjoys independence to a large extent. After having been liberalised in 2002,
the television sector experienced a media boom. In the fierce competitive
Pakistan, there is one development that outshines all others. The debate over the basis of identity, which began in earnest in the immediate run-up to independence, continues to engage both countries. What we see are two states still contesting the ideological underpinnings of nation; still ostensibly wrestling...
rule of the Indian subcontinent by Britain: the British Raj.
The events of this period are known many Indians as the First War of Independence and the War of Independence of 1857 and to the British, and many western historians, variously as the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, the Sepoy Rebellion, the...
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At the closure of World War II it was clear that European colonialism had run its course and Indian independence was inevitable. Independence was attained in 1947 but the struggle was bitter and divisive, especially in Bengal where the fight for self-government was complicated...
reforming the national legislature to make it more democratic.
2. Widespread use of the _______ language helped foster the independence movement in India.
3. Japan’s Meiji Restoration:
created a federal government with devolved powers.
increased the role...
iaquat Ali Khan as Prime Minister [1947-1951]
Liaquat Ali Khan's contributions to the struggle for independence were numerous. After independence, he was thus the natural choice for the premiership. Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Being the first Prime Minister...
throughout Asia and Africa many former colonies have gained independence and in some of them English as the state language has been or is being replaced by the national language of the people inhabiting these countries (by Hindi in India, Urdu in Pakistan, Burmanese in Burma, etc.), though by tradition...
A Textual Analysis of Mama Day~ By: Gloria Naylor
Mama Day is a novel that illustrates a combination of the mystic and the unwritten rule. It portrays how the past and the present times, the existing and the lifeless, the authentic and the imaginary, the ordinary and the mystical connect African Americans...
Our Mother Language Day
UNESCO's declaration of 21st February as the International Mother Language Day has brought fresh glory and prestige to Bangladesh which is making significant strides towards peace, progress and prosperity at home and discharging international obligations...
integration day as Rastriya Ekta Diwas. It is a positive aspect to reduce the differences of socio-cultural and economic as well as inequalities among people of the country. It promotes to strengthen the unity among people of any group, society, community and whole country to bring national unity a day. It is...
cares for all the Indians , If you really thinks that all Indians are your brothers and sisters “
The Republic of India celebrates its 67th Independence Day on 15 August 2013, commemorating another year of being the world’s most populous democracy!
India became independent from two centuries of British...
Declaration of Independence
For the past 200 years, the American people have celebrated the Forth of July as Independence Day. The Declaration of Independence is the core behind July fourth and it is considered by many the most important document in our American history. The Declaration of Independence unified...
On Independence Day in 1863, a Saturday, it was raining in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as burial details and medical officers took account of the recent battle. Some 50,000 men had fallen in three days, 8,000 of them killed outright and the rest in need of medical attention. Civilians working independently...
What is an Independence Day?
Independence Day, observed annually on 15 August in India commemorating the nation's independence from Kingdom of Great Britain on 15 August 1947. India attained independence following an independence movement noted for largely nonviolent resistance and civil...
clothing and free return passage after their contracts expired.
Asian Migration –India & China
were for five years; nine hours per day; six days per week
were bound to reside on the plantations which indentured them. grants (among other more dishonorable tactics) were used...
Mosque : a historical perspective” – Nevin Reda, University of Toronto
English , Tamil
Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam – reading/writing
|Source Language |Target language |Can...
shadows of a sun-darkened land flow over you and the eclipse closes your eyes
i cannot live with the thought of having you, loving you any other way A day without such care has no meaning we shall find for you a name your name shall bring light
CITY JOHANNESBURG By Mongane Wally Serote
POEM: This way...
The Urdu-English Controversy in Pakistan Author(s): Tariq Rahman Source: Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Feb., 1997), pp. 177-207 Published by: Cambridge University Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/312861 . Accessed: 02/03/2011 04:06
Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance...
Jane Eyre’s Archetypal Journey towards Independence
In Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre, Jane’s archetypal journey toward independence is demonstrated through her call to adventure at Gateshead, her helpers at Lowood, her obstacles at Thornfield, her nadir at Moor house, and her return at Ferndean. At...
Delve into the Characteristics of an Effective Teacher
Teachers groom us and prepare us for the life ahead. Students spend more than ten hours a day with their teachers. Therefore, teachers make a certain impression on their lives. An essay on teacher can be written in various ways. To ensure a good...
The Republic Day
The Republic Day of India is a national holiday of India to mark the transition of India from a British Dominion to a republic on January 26, 1950 and the adoption of the Constitution of India.
Although India obtained its independence on August 15, 1947, the Constitution of India...
Independence Day of India
Respected teachers and my friends,
I wish you a happy Independence Day. India became independent on August 15, 1947...
A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new…India discovers herself again." - J.L.Nehru
On the eve of...
was extremely unhappy about the position of the Muslims in the subcontinent. Since the days of the Mughal empire their social and economic status had declined sharply. The role of Muslims in the War of Independence had led to a further decline in their fortunes as the British took measures to ensure that...
DR. ALLAMA MUHAMMAD IQBAL, POET OF THE UNIVERSE
Respected President and dear audience!
9th November every year reminds us the significant day and date when a child took birth in Sialkot who changed not only the government set up in India but infused a new spirit among the Muslims of sub continent...
Likewise, Mohammed Ali Jinnah would become the defining force in the creation of, and early life of the nation of Pakistan. Jinnah was born on Christmas day of 1876 to an upper class family from Gujarat, the same province of his future political ally and later rival, Mohandas Gandhi. Like most Indian politicians...
Did the Colonies Have a Right to Declare Their Independence from Britain?
The United States' Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4th, 1776. Thomas Jefferson is credited for writing the majority of the document, which declared that the...
QUAID-E-AZAM’S LIFE AFTER THE INDEPENDENCE
Jinnah became the first Governor-General of Pakistan and president of its constituent assembly. Inaugurating the assembly on August 11, 1947, Jinnah spoke of an inclusive and pluralist democracy promising equal rights for all citizens regardless...
Definition: Independence or National Days are perhaps the most important day for a country to commemorate as a national holiday....
make up a body called the Majlis-i-Shoora (Council of Advisors) or Parliament.
THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT, 1935:
Under Section 8 of the Indian Independence Act, 1947, the Government of India Act, 1935 became, with certain adaptations, the working constitution of Pakistan. But the need of a constitution...
In the days leading up to yet another August 15, I found myself reminiscing about my favorite memories associated with the day. As a schoolgirl, I remember Independence Day as a festive occasion for one and all. There was something in the air that particular day that evoked a sense of pride at the sight...
Pakistan India Relations
As seen in “The Nation” newspaper. Link http://nation.com.pk/archives/May-20-2008
Pakistan-India relations since independence have been the victim of oscillations between short-lived periods of euphoria and raised expectations followed by long intervals marked by disappointment...
a consciousness of a great civilizational heritage which is unusually widespread. Yet, there was no India as we know it until the achievement of independence in 1947. Before that there were various fragmented (some very large) territories. Many of these were absorbed into the British Indian Empire which...
continuing donations, I could help the people by providing them education and health care. Once I have more knowledge about medicine, mathematics, science, Urdu, English, and history I could teach them these things myself. This way they will be able to sustain themselves without me directly sharing my wealth...
The Communalization and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1
T of Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current...
12 Chapter Tests of Goodness of Fit and Independence
Chapter 12 Tests of Goodness of Fit and Independence Case Problem:
A Bipartisan Agenda for Change
1. Descriptive statistics Question: Should legislative pay be cut for every day the state budget is late?
Yes 22 10 39 71 No 14 9 6 29 Totals...
Other names | Mahatma Gandhi, Bapu |
Alma mater | University College London, University of London |
Known for | Prominent Figure of Indian Independence Movement
Propounding the philosophy of Satyagraha and Ahimsa |
Religious beliefs | Hinduism |
Spouse(s) | Kasturba Gandhi |
Children | Harilal
An Artificial Divide?
The purpose of this paper or 'the problem statement' is to analyze if Hindi and Urdu two separate...
professors like Bech, Morison, Raleigh and Arnold also contributed greatly in building...
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The Day Quaid Led a Procession to Our House
The Day Quaid Led A Procession To Our House MAJYD AZIZ Bantva is a small town in Kathiawar, India, the birthplace of many a prominent...