Most of the Indians belong religiously to Hinduism and they perceive Urdu, written in Perso-Arabic script as Muslim language. Before the independence of India the Muslims supported the continuation of Urdu as the official language of India, while the Hindus supported Hindi. In order to secure Hindi’s...
delivery was two hundred and fifty miles a day with horse-riders.
* Propagation: Newspapers from all the corners of the sub-continent, sent to the capital were read aloud in the court for the King. In accordance, he used to give specific instructions. Furthermore the court had its own news...
Pakistan, Lahore Urdu Bazaar, 2005.
• Maswari AMK, “Subversion in east Pakistan” Lahore, ripen printing Press, 1979.
• Matin-ud-Din Kamal, Lt. Gen. (Reld), “Tragedy of Errors East Pakistan Crisis, 1968-1971. Lahore, 65 Kot Lakhpat Industrial state.
• Sclochan Viberto, The military...
. Freedom at Midnight (1975) is a non-fiction work by Larry Collinsand Dominique Lapierre that chronicled the events surrounding the first Independence Day celebrations in 1947. There is a paucity of films related to the independence and partition. Early films relating to the...
, picking his teeth
with a matchstick. “The language that is raised on radishes and potatoes
… it flourishes, while Urdu—language of the court in days of royalty
—now languishes in the back lanes and gutters of the city. (15)
However, Deven denies Murad’s request due to some...
Pakistan (Listeni/ˈpækɨstæn/ or Listeni/pɑːkiˈstɑːn/; Urdu: پاكِستان, Pākistān, Urdu: [pɑːkɪst̪ɑːn] ( listen)), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جُمہُوریۂ پاكِستان, Islāmī Jumhūriya'eh Pākistān, Urdu: [ɪslɑːmi d͡ʒʊmɦuːriə-e pɑːkɪst̪ɑːn]), is a sovereign country in South...
long standing affiliation the region had with the Persian Empire. The enthusiasm for poetry exists at a regional level as well, with nearly all of Pakistan's provincial languages continuing the legacy. Since the independence of the country in 1947 and establishment of Urdu as the national language...
ISO 3166 code
See also Pakistani English.
Not always observed; see Daylight saving time in Pakistan.
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Pakistan (i/ˈpækɨstæn/ or i/pɑːkiˈstɑːn...
living in the states now Haryana and Punjab. Prior to Independence, Punjabi Hindus used Urdu as the language of administration, commerce and journalism. Urdu was also the major language of literary expression in British Punjab while Punjabi was the spoken language. As Punjabi Hindus were mainly a...
who played a leading role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation. In India and elsewhere, he was often addressed as Sardar, which means Chief in Hindi, Urdu and Persian.
He was raised in the countryside of Gujarat. Vallabhbhai...
Nazimuddin declared Urdu as the official state language, protest erupted throughout the eastern wing. On 21 February 1952 (8 Falgun 1359 in Bangla calendar) students protest led to killing of ordinary citizen by the police. More people were killed the next day. In Bangladesh 21st February - 'Ekushey...
sectarian divide of "Urdu" for Muslims and "Hindi" for Hindus, a divide that was formalized with the division of India and Pakistan after independence from the British, though there are Hindu poets who continue to write in Urdu to this day.
Although there have been attempts to purge Urdu and Hindi...
Mohammad Ali Jinnah (Urdu: محمد علی جناح, Sindhi: محمد علي جيڻا, Gujarati: મુહમ્મદ અલી જિન્ના, Audio (help•info)); December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a 20th century lawyer, politician, statesman and the founder of Pakistan. He is popularly and officially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam...
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Urdu: محمد علی جناح (help·info) (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a Pakistani politician and leader of the All India Muslim League who founded Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General. He is officially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم...
very direct and bossy with everyone. Martyn said: ‘You don’t know my sister. I’ve been explaining and exhorting and entreating and commanding and all the rest of it all day-lost my temper since seven this morning, and haven’t got it back yet-but she wouldn’t hear of any compromise.’
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the days of the Mughal declined the social and economical
status of Muslims had declined sharply and the role of Muslims in the war of
Independence had left further decline as British took measures to ensure that
their control was unchallenged. Sir Syed Ahmed felt that the poor status of
birthday as National Education Day across India.
As a young man, Azad composed poetry in Urdu as well as treatises on religion and philosophy. He rose to prominence through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and espousing the causes ofIndian nationalism. Azad...
world of Kanpur.
Success as a Writer
His literary work in Urdu gained him a reputation of a journalist with social aim, rather than a mere entertainer. Premchand was born in the British India and the Indian Independence movement was at its peak when he started his writing career. His early...
Sinhalese government and Tamil Tiger rebels who want an independent homeland in the north and east.
In the decades after independence, Tamils politicians pushed for a federal system through the Tamil Federal Party. The concept of a separate nation, Tamil Eelam, was proposed by the Tamil United Liberation...
final outcome would be the creation of two independent states, India and Pakistan on August 15, 1947. Independence day for India and Pakistan was bittersweet. The Punjab was engaged in inter-communal battles of incredible violence. Split along religious lines the fighting there had begun in March of...
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Urdu: محمد علی جناح Sindhi: محمد علي جناح Audio (help·info); December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a 20th century lawyer, politician, statesman and the founder of Pakistan. He is popularly and officially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم — "Great Leader...
before the emergence of Pakistan (Khursheed: 1972). The study of history reveals that the female education was opposed by orthodox Muslims in those days. This situation continued not only till the emergence of Pakistan but after independence for quite some time. Female literacy rate in Pakistan is...
Khariboli. The L variety, Hindustani (often simply called Hindi) contains many loanwords from Persian and Arabic (brought by the Arabic and Persian invaders in medieval times), along with a massive vocabulary of English loanwords which increase day by day. The L variety is identical with spoken Urdu...
of independence. There was also the language issue that kept East Pakistan and West Pakistan in an uneasy status. In 1948, Mohammad Ali Jinnah stated in Dhaka that Urdu was the official language for Pakistan. There was a big argument about this because only the Muhajir in the West and the Biharis in...
. He was tried for obscenity half-a-dozen times, thrice before and thrice after independence in Pakistan, but never convicted. Some of his works have been translated in other languages. Combining psychoanalysis with human behaviour, he was arguably one of the best short story tellers of the 20th...
consists of the Senate (upper house) and the National Assembly (lower house). Together with the President, the Senate and National Assembly make up a body called the Majlis-i-Shoora (Council of Advisors) or Parliament.
THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ACT, 1935:
Under Section 8 of the Indian Independence Act...
Muslims in the sub-continent through education. Aligarh became the centre of a ‘Muslim renaissance’.
He died in 27 March 1898, having served his fellow Muslims in a way which few had rivaled.
Sir Syed was extremely unhappy about the position of the Muslims in the subcontinent. Since the days...
lectures were translated into Urdu by Sayyid Nazir Niazi.
In addition to these books he wrote hundreds of letters in Urdu and English. Urdu letters have been published in ten different books. He issued statements pertaining to the burning topics of the day relating to various aspects of...
Bengalis constituted a majority (an estimated 54 percent) of Pakistan’s entire population. In 1954, the National Assembly designated “Urdu and Bengali and such other languages as may be declared” to be the official languages of Pakistan. The government machinery established at independence was similar to...