the developments in the language press, J. Natarajan, in his pioneering and famous History of Indian Journalism, said that “an important impediment” was that no “coherent connected” record of progress and growth of the Press was available in each of the languages.
The case of Urdu Press, which is the second...
The term 'Urdu' and its origin
The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers...
Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab
The language played the significant role in the creation of identities among the major communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities...
Language has been known as a symbol of identity since a long time. It is considered as a gelling force to keep the communities united. Urdu was the official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and used by both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language...
Regional Languages Of Pakistan
Introduction: Pakistan is a multi-lingual country. No less than 24 languages and dialects are spoken by the people of Pakistan. There are five regional languages. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, and Kashmiri. These languages are rich in literature, poetry, folk songs...
THE HINDU IN 1953 POINTS OUT HOW IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO BANISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE FROM INDIA. ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS HERE PERSONAIFIED AS A PRISONER FACING TRIAL IN A COURT, AND PEOPLE WHO DISLIKE ENGLISH IN INDIA IS THE JUDGE.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN INDIA HAS, ACCORDING TO R K NARAYAN BECOME A SUBJECT THAT CONFUSES...
Humour and Satire in Urdu Literature
Tazeen Gul* & Tabassum Javed**
Humour & Satire are an integral part of all forms of literature; & when the tragic part of a drama/story becomes unbearable, humour/satire provide a much needed diversion & relief. This article examines the effect of humour...
RESEARCH IN BUSINESS
VOL 4, NO 12
THE ROLE OF MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION USED IN PAKISTANI CLASSROOMS
Dr. Aijaz Ahmed
Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science
and Technology, Karachi, PAKISTAN
Dr. Tayyaba Zarif
(Head of Education Department &
Q: What steps to foster the growth of Urdu has the government taken? 
ANS: The government has taken steps to foster the growth of Urdu. It is the
medium of instructions in many educational institutions in Pakistan. A dictionary
of office terms in Urdu has been published and steps have been taken...
problem lies in the fact that “their language skills may be good, but what might cause a glitch is the accent” (ChilliBreeze). If the accent poses a big enough problem, India may loose out on the American online tutoring market to Pakistan. Pakistan’s “Urdu language phonetics more closely resemble the...
Post Colonial Impact on Urdu Language Lovers in Anita Desai’s In Custody
Dr.A.CHANDRA BOSE, PhD.,
Assistant Professor of English
The Madura College (Autonomous)
Madurai, Tamilnadu -625 011
Sex : Male
Marital Status : Married
Nationality : Indian
Father’s Name : Imamsaheb J.S.
Langauges known : English, Hindi, Urdu, Kannada
Hobbies : Reading, Gardening
E-mail ID : email@example.com
Contact Phone No : 080-25664892
“Explore how you adapt aspects of your spoken language at home and at school.”
My way of language and accent is different from place to place. In the last 15 years I have been speaking in two languages to communicate and now have become fluent. My family, friends, media and my national identity have...
The Origin of the Urdu Language:
The national language of the Pakistani people or our ‘qaumi zuban’ is interestingly, one that most of us learn as a second language. Unlike our first language, it is learnt primarily as a written phenomenon. In primary schools, the child encounters its alphabet ‘alif...
in 1864 for the translation of modern works of English into Persian and Urdu brought the Muslims into close contact with the literature other than their own. In 1866, the Aligarh Institute Gazette was published in English and Urdu simultaneously to highlight the importance of English and convince the...
Religion, Philosophy, Art, Politics, and Economics, the revival of Muslim life and universal brotherhood of man. His prose, not only in his national language but also in English, was powerful. His two books in English demonstrate his mastery of English. But poetry was his medium par excellence of expression...
and delivered his presidential address to the Muslim League. Jinnah didn’t see great value in the beauty of the English language and once said “I don’t care for beautiful language. I only wish to see my idea come through.” Despite this ambivalence toward rhetoric, Jinnah’s 1937 address reads like...
areas of human like language, dress, cuisine, all the art forms, architecture and urban design, and social customs and values.
Conversely, the languages of the Muslim invaders were modified by contact with local languages, to Urdu, which uses the Arabic script. The Farsi language was introduced in...
Types of Data
• Raw: Old Black and White movies • Processed: Black and white movie made colored • Raw: Any Video in foreign language • Processed: Dub it in Urdu
Assignment # 2
• Think and name any other form of Data.
Other than numeric, text, image, audio, video
• Think and describe...
Examination. From among them 6000 are selected to write Main Examination.
Written - 2000 Marks (Descriptive Type Question)
Paper I One Indian Language 300 Marks- Matriculation School Do not count for Ranking
PaperII English 300 Marks – (Qualifying Nature)
Paper III Essay 200 Marks =2000...
An Artificial Divide?
The purpose of this paper or 'the problem statement' is to analyze if Hindi and Urdu two separate...
Hindi writer Dhanpatrai who was born on 31 July 1880 at Lamati near Varanasi. His early education was in a madarasa under a Maulavi, where he learnt Urdu. When he was studying in the ninth class he was married, much against his wishes. He was then fifteen. In 1919, while he was a teacher at Gorakhpur...
and searching the secrets of eternity.
Dear Mr. President!
Iqbal had a unique, graceful and matchless beautiful style of poetry both in Urdu and Persian languages. No doubt he didn’t write poetry for the sake of poetry but to improve the status of man particularly the Muslims of the subcontinent as...
Every language allows different kinds of variations: geographical or territorial, perhaps the most obvious, stylistic, the difference between the written and the spoken form of the standard national language and others.
For historical and economic reasons the English language has spread over vast...
discontent by declaring Urdu—the mother tongue of the Indian Muslim refugees mainly from the Muslim minority states of United Provinces and Bihar—the national language of Pakistan. They did so not only in total disregard for regional languages, especially Bengali, which was the language of the majority ethnic...
with modern times. The Muslims hated English language and culture. They kept their children away from the schools and colleges. But in this manner they were unconsciously damaging the interests of the Muslim Community. Their ignorance of the English language and lack of modem education kept them away from...
Cambridge International Advanced Level 9686 Urdu November 2010 Principal Examiner Report for Teachers Paper 9686/03 Essay GENERAL: This paper is designed to test candidates' ability to write a composition in Urdu on one of a range of five topics, selected as being relevant to their countries of origin...
Covering an area of 803, 940 sq. km it has a population of near 170 million. Literacy rate is around 42.5 % including the national language Urdu literacy. English language literacy is around 20%. Per capita income is around 1200 US$ which has remained near US$400 till few years back. The GDP growth rates...
society. There is a clear divide between Urdu and English media.
Urdu media, particularly the newspapers, are widely read by the masses –
mostly in rural areas. The English media is urban and elite-centric, is more
liberal and professional compared to the Urdu media. English print, television
of India is its diversity. It is a country in which there are 15 official languages, over 300 minor languages and some 3,000 dialects. Twenty-four languages have more than one million speakers each. The largest spoken language is Hindi, but this is the mother tongue of only about 40 percent of the population...
• Estimation, Project planning & costing.
- SW skills
• Primavera P3,
• AutoCAD 2D
• Solid Edge. 3D
• Native Language: Urdu,
• Very good in spoken and written English .
• BSc Mechanical Engineering 2005
• M Sc Manufacturing Engineering (Result Awaited) ...
perspective” – Nevin Reda, University of Toronto
English , Tamil
Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam – reading/writing
|Source Language |Target language |Can translate Both ways ...
and demographic readership. It started as a tabloid newspaper in Dehli in 1939 but since Pakistan’s independence has established itself as the premium Urdu newspaper in the Pakistan. The newspaper has presence in all the major cities of Pakistan including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Quetta and Multan. Besides...
easily in almost every advertising message in the form of
language, norm, value, dress, prevailing music, religion and sport. According to the
suitability of advertising messages of beverage companies and their way of advertising
language, dress, religion, sport and music are included for this work...
the migration of Asians to the Caribbean.
What did the slaves and the planters do when slavery was abolished and how did this affect interaction/language? How did the arrival of substitute labour from (largely) Asia affect the linguistic picture of the Caribbean?
To examine their mark on...
prosperity in Arabian peninsula.
3. Islamic concept of peace with respect to
a. Human beings,
b. With respect to different raves,
c. Religions and
e. In peace and war time.
g. Crops and trees
4. Islamic concept of war
a. Only meant to bring peace
b War not option but compulsion
43). Government and all other EFA partners must work together to ensure basic education of quality for all, regardless of gender, health, location, language, or ethnic origin (Article 44).
The Recife Declaration of UNESCO E-9 project (Education for All in the nine most populous developing...
Paper Tests Your Language Skills
An English research paper needless to say, is an important part of academic essay writing. Almost all students who study in this language, that is, if their mode of communication is in English, right from school level have written essays in this language. The basic English...
I was an experienced journalist when I left Pakistan in
1973. I had worked for a number of years as an assistant
editor in an English-language daily newspaper in Karachi.
Then I spent two years training in print, radio, and TV
journalism in Germany before I emigrated to Canada.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Urdu: محمد علی جناح (help·info) (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a Pakistani politician and leader of the All India Muslim League who founded Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General. He is officially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم — "Great...
3 Subjects Mathematics – A Urdu – B Physics – C THE BRITISH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL IGCSE, GCSE and GCE O Level, Edexcel, 6 Subjects IGCSE: Physics – B Mathematics – B Information and Communication Technology – B English as a second language – B GCSE: Urdu – A* GCE O Level: Islamiyat –...
undertaking was the foundation of the Scientific Society, which published translations of many educational texts and issued a bilingual journal, in Urdu and English. The institutions were for the use of all citizens and were jointly operated by Hindus and the Muslims; however, Sir Syed and many other...
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge Ordinary Level
FIRST LANGUAGE URDU Paper 2 Texts SPECIMEN PAPER
For Examination from 2015 2 hours
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Read these instructions carefully. Write your Centre number...
Arabic Paper 1
Mathematics A Paper 1: Foundation Tier
Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1
T of Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current perception as a sectarian language adopted...
Audio Group - C
As on 7.3.2007
List of the Patriotic Songs, Bhajans, Instrumental Music & Prayers
S.No. Details of Programme Duration Language Magnetic Tapes Audio CD Singer's/
(Title) Packet. Tape Cassettes ...
|Education |Metpally. | |81 |
Languages : C, C++, Core Java&.Net
Databases : SQL.
Operating System : MS Windows.
Web Programming : HTML...
with the British. This helped the British to see them as a counter to the supposedly ‘disloyal Muslims’, So Hindus were keen to learn the English language and to acquire a British education in the subcontinent. This helped them to gain employment and to make progress in society. By 1871 there were 711...
Martial Status : Single
N.I.C # : 37105-0218406-1
Qualification : GRADUATION
Language : Urdu, English Fluent,(Diploma in English)
Computer Skills : Short Computer Courses
Email : ahsansheikh77@gmail...
Contents * 1 Etymology and usage * 1.1 English * 1.1.1 "Kind" * 1.1.2 Femininity and masculinity * 1.2 Urdu * 1.3 Greek * 1.4 German and Dutch * 1.5 Swedish * 1.6 French * 2 Sociological gender * 2.1 Social assignment and idea of...
character, dedication with my work is my pride.
Know how to meet the responsibilities and how to utilize the abilities.
Proficiency in English, Urdu.
Will be furnished upon request....
international treaty or agreement shall prevail to the extent of such conflict.
6. Language.– (1) All communications and documentation related to
procurements of the Government of the Punjab shall either be in Urdu or English or both.
Except where a procuring agency is situated outside the territories...
deprived people tried to locate the factors of their separate identities. Some of them demanded their share as being separate either on the basis of language, tribe, race, color, religion or common history. After having a separate homeland instead of living together the nation inclined towards disintegration...
brought to the Urdu language over the period of time. The two I will be discussing are:
* Differences in schooling.
* Government role in making English as an official language.
However these two reasons are interlinked. At sir Amjad’s time English was taught like a foreign language in schools...
rights and the courts were to decide if a law was repugnant to any provisions of the fundamental rights.
As per the Constitution, Urdu and Bengali were made national languages.
ISLAMIC PROVISIONS IN THE CONSTITUTION OF 1956:
• The text of Objectives Resolution was repeated in the preamble of the...
reforming the national legislature to make it more democratic.
2. Widespread use of the _______ language helped foster the independence movement in India.
3. Japan’s Meiji Restoration:
created a federal government with devolved powers.
Manto- Writer of Stark Realities
(Courtesy Iftikhar Chaudri) Saadat Hassan Manto (May 11, 1912 ? January 18, 1955) was a Pakistani Urdu short story writer, most known for his Urdu short stories , 'Bu' (Odour), 'Khol Do' (Open It), 'Thanda Gosht' (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh'. Unfortunately...
two dozen officially recognized languages in India. Over thousands of years, huge literature has been produced in various languages in India. It is to be noted that a large part of Indian literature revolves around devotion, drama, poetry and songs. Sanskrit language dominated the early Indian literary...
be funny if its consequences for some were not so dire.
On 17 January, when Shireen Dalvi, who happens to be India’s
first woman editor of an Urdu newspaper, the Mumbai-edition
of Avadhnama, decided to reprint one of the covers of Charlie
Hebdo to illustrate an article quoting the Pope’s remarks...
Effectiveness of L1 as a useful language teaching apparatus at the primary level.
Design an observation sheet (mention at least ten reasons for the use of L1) to observe for English language teachers, teaching any language skill to the students.
Analyze the data qualitatively...