Free Essays on Urdu Language

  1. Birth of Urdu Journalism in the Indian Subcontinent

    the developments in the language press, J. Natarajan, in his pioneering and famous History of Indian Journalism, said that “an important impediment” was that no “coherent connected” record of progress and growth of the Press was available in each of the languages. The case of Urdu Press, which is the second...

  2. Urdu

    The term 'Urdu' and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers...

  3. Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab Ayesha Tabbasum

    Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab aYESHA TABBASUM The language played the significant role in the creation of identities among the major communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities...

  4. Urdu Hindi Controversy

    Language has been known as a symbol of identity since a long time. It is considered as a gelling force to keep the communities united. Urdu was the official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and used by both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language...

  5. Regional Languages of Pakistan

    Regional Languages Of Pakistan Introduction: Pakistan is a multi-lingual country. No less than 24 languages and dialects are spoken by the people of Pakistan. There are five regional languages. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, and Kashmiri. These languages are rich in literature, poetry, folk songs...

  6. Fifteen Years

    THE HINDU IN 1953 POINTS OUT HOW IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO BANISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE FROM INDIA. ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS HERE PERSONAIFIED AS A PRISONER FACING TRIAL IN A COURT, AND PEOPLE WHO DISLIKE ENGLISH IN INDIA IS THE JUDGE. ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN INDIA HAS, ACCORDING TO R K NARAYAN BECOME A SUBJECT THAT CONFUSES...

  7. Humour and Satire in Urdu Literature

    Humour and Satire in Urdu Literature Tazeen Gul* & Tabassum Javed** Abstract Humour & Satire are an integral part of all forms of literature; & when the tragic part of a drama/story becomes unbearable, humour/satire provide a much needed diversion & relief. This article examines the effect of humour...

  8. anything

    RESEARCH IN BUSINESS VOL 4, NO 12 THE ROLE OF MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION USED IN PAKISTANI CLASSROOMS Dr. Aijaz Ahmed (Associate Professor) Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, PAKISTAN Dr. Tayyaba Zarif Tehseen (Head of Education Department & Research Supervisor) ...

  9. languages of pakistan

    Q: What steps to foster the growth of Urdu has the government taken? [4] ANS: The government has taken steps to foster the growth of Urdu. It is the medium of instructions in many educational institutions in Pakistan. A dictionary of office terms in Urdu has been published and steps have been taken...

  10. Tutorvista - Online Tution in Action

    problem lies in the fact that “their language skills may be good, but what might cause a glitch is the accent” (ChilliBreeze). If the accent poses a big enough problem, India may loose out on the American online tutoring market to Pakistan. Pakistan’s “Urdu language phonetics more closely resemble the...

  11. Post Colonial Impact in Anita Desai’s in Custody

    Post Colonial Impact on Urdu Language Lovers in Anita Desai’s In Custody Dr.A.CHANDRA BOSE, PhD., Assistant Professor of English The Madura College (Autonomous) Madurai, Tamilnadu -625 011 boseac@gmail.com Introduction Anita...

  12. Quality Manager&Marketing Manager

    21-05-1971 Sex : Male Marital Status : Married Nationality : Indian Father’s Name : Imamsaheb J.S. Langauges known : English, Hindi, Urdu, Kannada Hobbies : Reading, Gardening E-mail ID : ibrahimshivamogga@yahoo.co.in Contact Phone No : 080-25664892 ...

  13. Spoken Language

    “Explore how you adapt aspects of your spoken language at home and at school.” My way of language and accent is different from place to place. In the last 15 years I have been speaking in two languages to communicate and now have become fluent. My family, friends, media and my national identity have...

  14. The Origin of the Urdu Language

    The Origin of the Urdu Language: The national language of the Pakistani people or our ‘qaumi zuban’ is interestingly, one that most of us learn as a second language. Unlike our first language, it is learnt primarily as a written phenomenon. In primary schools, the child encounters its alphabet ‘alif...

  15. The Services of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

    in 1864 for the translation of modern works of English into Persian and Urdu brought the Muslims into close contact with the literature other than their own. In 1866, the Aligarh Institute Gazette was published in English and Urdu simultaneously to highlight the importance of English and convince the...

  16. Allama Iqbal

    Religion, Philosophy, Art, Politics, and Economics, the revival of Muslim life and universal brotherhood of man. His prose, not only in his national language but also in English, was powerful. His two books in English demonstrate his mastery of English. But poetry was his medium par excellence of expression...

  17. The Defining Force of Life

    and delivered his presidential address to the Muslim League. Jinnah didn’t see great value in the beauty of the English language and once said “I don’t care for beautiful language. I only wish to see my idea come through.” Despite this ambivalence toward rhetoric, Jinnah’s 1937 address reads like...

  18. Impact of Islam

    areas of human like language, dress, cuisine, all the art forms, architecture and urban design, and social customs and values. Conversely, the languages of the Muslim invaders were modified by contact with local languages, to Urdu, which uses the Arabic script. The Farsi language was introduced in...

  19. What Is Information Technology

    Types of Data • Video • Raw: Old Black and White movies • Processed: Black and white movie made colored • Raw: Any Video in foreign language • Processed: Dub it in Urdu Assignment # 2 • Think and name any other form of Data. Other than numeric, text, image, audio, video • Think and describe...

  20. public administration

    Examination. From among them 6000 are selected to write Main Examination. Written - 2000 Marks (Descriptive Type Question) Paper I One Indian Language 300 Marks- Matriculation School Do not count for Ranking PaperII English 300 Marks – (Qualifying Nature) Paper III Essay 200 Marks =2000...

  21. Comparison Between Hindi and Urdu

    ------------------------------------------------- Urdu An Artificial Divide? Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 AsIf Hussain,201225086 RUDHIR SIDDHAM,201225195 Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 AsIf Hussain,201225086 RUDHIR SIDDHAM,201225195 The Question The purpose of this paper or 'the problem statement' is to analyze if Hindi and Urdu two separate...

  22. Munshi Premchand

    Hindi writer Dhanpatrai who was born on 31 July 1880 at Lamati near Varanasi. His early education was in a madarasa under a Maulavi, where he learnt Urdu. When he was studying in the ninth class he was married, much against his wishes. He was then fifteen. In 1919, while he was a teacher at Gorakhpur...

  23. Iqbal Day

    and searching the secrets of eternity. Dear Mr. President! Iqbal had a unique, graceful and matchless beautiful style of poetry both in Urdu and Persian languages. No doubt he didn’t write poetry for the sake of poetry but to improve the status of man particularly the Muslims of the subcontinent as...

  24. 1.1 the Historical Characteristic of Australian English Formation

    Every language allows different kinds of variations: geographical or territorial, perhaps the most obvious, stylistic, the difference between the written and the spoken form of the standard national language and others. For historical and economic reasons the English language has spread over vast...

  25. Fdrgrfdsd

    discontent by declaring Urdu—the mother tongue of the Indian Muslim refugees mainly from the Muslim minority states of United Provinces and Bihar—the national language of Pakistan. They did so not only in total disregard for regional languages, especially Bengali, which was the language of the majority ethnic...

  26. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan's Educational Works

    with modern times. The Muslims hated English language and culture. They kept their children away from the schools and colleges. But in this manner they were unconsciously damaging the interests of the Muslim Community. Their ignorance of the English language and lack of modem education kept them away from...

  27. Urdu

    Cambridge International Advanced Level 9686 Urdu November 2010 Principal Examiner Report for Teachers Paper 9686/03 Essay GENERAL: This paper is designed to test candidates' ability to write a composition in Urdu on one of a range of five topics, selected as being relevant to their countries of origin...

  28. Ict as an Enabler of Socioeconomic Development

    Covering an area of 803, 940 sq. km it has a population of near 170 million. Literacy rate is around 42.5 % including the national language Urdu literacy. English language literacy is around 20%. Per capita income is around 1200 US$ which has remained near US$400 till few years back. The GDP growth rates...

  29. media

    society. There is a clear divide between Urdu and English media. Urdu media, particularly the newspapers, are widely read by the masses – mostly in rural areas. The English media is urban and elite-centric, is more liberal and professional compared to the Urdu media. English print, television and radio...

  30. All Titles

    of India is its diversity. It is a country in which there are 15 official languages, over 300 minor languages and some 3,000 dialects. Twenty-four languages have more than one million speakers each. The largest spoken language is Hindi, but this is the mother tongue of only about 40 percent of the population...

  31. Planning Engineer

    Project Controlling. • Estimation, Project planning & costing. - SW skills • Primavera P3, • AutoCAD 2D • Solid Edge. 3D • Native Language: Urdu, • Very good in spoken and written English . • BSc Mechanical Engineering 2005 • M Sc Manufacturing Engineering (Result Awaited) ...

  32. Qrwqr

    perspective” – Nevin Reda, University of Toronto Translation proficiency Languages known English , Tamil Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam – reading/writing Translation ability |Source Language |Target language |Can translate Both ways ...

  33. Jang Brand Audit

    and demographic readership. It started as a tabloid newspaper in Dehli in 1939 but since Pakistan’s independence has established itself as the premium Urdu newspaper in the Pakistan. The newspaper has presence in all the major cities of Pakistan including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Quetta and Multan. Besides...

  34. Marketing Communication of Pepsi & Coca Cola in Pakistan

    easily in almost every advertising message in the form of language, norm, value, dress, prevailing music, religion and sport. According to the suitability of advertising messages of beverage companies and their way of advertising language, dress, religion, sport and music are included for this work...

  35. Immigration

    the migration of Asians to the Caribbean. What did the slaves and the planters do when slavery was abolished and how did this affect interaction/language?  How did the arrival of substitute labour from (largely) Asia affect the linguistic picture of the Caribbean?   To examine their mark on...

  36. css essay written

    prosperity in Arabian peninsula. 3. Islamic concept of peace with respect to a. Human beings, b. With respect to different raves, c. Religions and d. Languages e. In peace and war time. f. Animals g. Crops and trees 4. Islamic concept of war a. Only meant to bring peace b War not option but compulsion ...

  37. Quality of Primary Education in Pakistan

    43). Government and all other EFA partners must work together to ensure basic education of quality for all, regardless of gender, health, location, language, or ethnic origin (Article 44). 2. ii) 3. The Recife Declaration of UNESCO E-9 project (Education for All in the nine most populous developing...

  38. Mssdfgaafd

    Paper Tests Your Language Skills An English research paper needless to say, is an important part of academic essay writing. Almost all students who study in this language, that is, if their mode of communication is in English, right from school level have written essays in this language. The basic English...

  39. value of children

    accent.. . I was an experienced journalist when I left Pakistan in 1973. I had worked for a number of years as an assistant editor in an English-language daily newspaper in Karachi. Then I spent two years training in print, radio, and TV journalism in Germany before I emigrated to Canada. I have...

  40. Quaid-E-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

    Muhammad Ali Jinnah Urdu: محمد علی جناح (help·info) (December 25, 1876 – September 11, 1948) was a Pakistani politician and leader of the All India Muslim League who founded Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General. He is officially known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم — "Great...

  41. Morale

    3 Subjects  Mathematics – A  Urdu – B  Physics – C THE BRITISH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL IGCSE, GCSE and GCE O Level, Edexcel, 6 Subjects IGCSE:  Physics – B  Mathematics – B  Information and Communication Technology – B  English as a second language – B GCSE:  Urdu – A* GCE O Level:  Islamiyat –...

  42. Syed Ahmed Khan (1817-1898)

    undertaking was the foundation of the Scientific Society, which published translations of many educational texts and issued a bilingual journal, in Urdu and English. The institutions were for the use of all citizens and were jointly operated by Hindus and the Muslims; however, Sir Syed and many other...

  43. Aroma

    Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge Ordinary Level FIRST LANGUAGE URDU Paper 2 Texts SPECIMEN PAPER 3247/02 For Examination from 2015 2 hours Additional Materials: Answer Paper/Booklet READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Read these instructions carefully. Write your Centre number...

  44. wafee

    4SI0 01 4TA0 01 4AR0 01 4GE0 01 4GU0 01 4HN0 01 4UR0 01 Turkish Swahili Sinhala Tamil Arabic Paper 1 Geography Gujarati Hindi Urdu 3h 3h 3h 3h 2h 15m 3h 3h 3h 3h Wednesday 14 May 4MA0 1F 4MA0 3H 4MB0 01 Mathematics A Paper 1: Foundation Tier Mathematics...

  45. Communilisation and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai Incustody by Amina Yaqin

    Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1 Introduction T  of Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current perception as a sectarian language adopted...

  46. Sdcadc

    110002 Audio Group - C As on 7.3.2007 List of the Patriotic Songs, Bhajans, Instrumental Music & Prayers S.No. Details of Programme Duration Language Magnetic Tapes Audio CD Singer's/ (Title) Packet. Tape Cassettes ...

  47. Form's

    |Education |Metpally. | |81 | Technical Skills: Languages : C, C++, Core Java&.Net Databases : SQL. Operating System : MS Windows. Web Programming : HTML...

  48. Sir Syed Ahmad khan

    with the British. This helped the British to see them as a counter to the supposedly ‘disloyal Muslims’, So Hindus were keen to learn the English language and to acquire a British education in the subcontinent. This helped them to gain employment and to make progress in society. By 1871 there were 711...

  49. How to Improve

    Martial Status : Single N.I.C # : 37105-0218406-1 Qualification : GRADUATION Language : Urdu, English Fluent,(Diploma in English) Computer Skills : Short Computer Courses Email : ahsansheikh77@gmail...

  50. Gender Definition

    identity formation. Contents * 1 Etymology and usage * 1.1 English * 1.1.1 "Kind" * 1.1.2 Femininity and masculinity * 1.2 Urdu * 1.3 Greek * 1.4 German and Dutch * 1.5 Swedish * 1.6 French * 2 Sociological gender * 2.1 Social assignment and idea of...

  51. Mba Internship

    character, dedication with my work is my pride. Know how to meet the responsibilities and how to utilize the abilities. LANGUAGES: Proficiency in English, Urdu. REFERENCES: Will be furnished upon request....

  52. Punjab Procurement Rules 2009

    international treaty or agreement shall prevail to the extent of such conflict. 6. Language.– (1) All communications and documentation related to procurements of the Government of the Punjab shall either be in Urdu or English or both. Except where a procuring agency is situated outside the territories...

  53. East Pakistan Crisis 1971

    deprived people tried to locate the factors of their separate identities. Some of them demanded their share as being separate either on the basis of language, tribe, race, color, religion or common history. After having a separate homeland instead of living together the nation inclined towards disintegration...

  54. How English Language Has Brought Change to Urdu Language

    brought to the Urdu language over the period of time. The two I will be discussing are: * Differences in schooling. * Government role in making English as an official language. However these two reasons are interlinked. At sir Amjad’s time English was taught like a foreign language in schools...

  55. Shah

    rights and the courts were to decide if a law was repugnant to any provisions of the fundamental rights. As per the Constitution, Urdu and Bengali were made national languages. ISLAMIC PROVISIONS IN THE CONSTITUTION OF 1956: • The text of Objectives Resolution was repeated in the preamble of the...

  56. ASH SOC 315 Week 4 Quiz

    states. reforming the national legislature to make it more democratic. 2. Widespread use of the _______ language helped foster the independence movement in India. Hindi Urdu French English 3. Japan’s Meiji Restoration: created a federal government with devolved powers. increased...

  57. Saadat-Hasan-Manto--Writer-of-Stark-Realities.Pdf

    Manto- Writer of Stark Realities (Courtesy Iftikhar Chaudri) Saadat Hassan Manto (May 11, 1912 ? January 18, 1955) was a Pakistani Urdu short story writer, most known for his Urdu short stories , 'Bu' (Odour), 'Khol Do' (Open It), 'Thanda Gosht' (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh'. Unfortunately...

  58. Indian Literature

    two dozen officially recognized languages in India. Over thousands of years, huge literature has been produced in various languages in India. It is to be noted that a large part of Indian literature revolves around devotion, drama, poetry and songs. Sanskrit language dominated the early Indian literary...

  59. tolerance

    would be funny if its consequences for some were not so dire. On 17 January, when Shireen Dalvi, who happens to be India’s first woman editor of an Urdu newspaper, the Mumbai-edition of Avadhnama, decided to reprint one of the covers of Charlie Hebdo to illustrate an article quoting the Pope’s remarks...

  60. Using L1 in the English classroom-

    Project topic: Effectiveness of L1 as a useful language teaching apparatus at the primary level. Design an observation sheet (mention at least ten reasons for the use of L1) to observe for English language teachers, teaching any language skill to the students. Analyze the data qualitatively...