Every nation needs some marks of identity. Language is also amark of identification of any nation. Pakistan is a federation of four provinces and its national language is URDU.
URDU- THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE OF PAKISTAN
Urdu is our national language. It has played an importyant role in the articulation...
The Origin of the Urdu Language:
The national language of the Pakistani people or our ‘qaumi zuban’ is interestingly, one that most of us learn as a second language. Unlike our first language, it is learnt primarily as a written phenomenon. In primary schools, the child encounters its alphabet ‘alif...
Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab
The language played the significant role in the creation of identities among the major communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities...
The Urdu-English Controversy in Pakistan Author(s): Tariq Rahman Source: Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Feb., 1997), pp. 177-207 Published by: Cambridge University Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/312861 . Accessed: 02/03/2011 04:06
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Code-Switched English words in Urdu
This research project aims at investigating the frequency rate of switched words of English,a second language(L2), in Urdu a native language (L1).In Pakistan research on various aspects has been conducted but at which rate Urdu-English code switching occurs...
Language, Power and Ideology
In this article the author has explained about the multi-ethnicity of the Pakistan and role of different languages that are spoken in this state. English is the official language of the Pakistan and Urdu reserves the title of national language. Along with English, Urdu...
the developments in the language press, J. Natarajan, in his pioneering and famous History of Indian Journalism, said that “an important impediment” was that no “coherent connected” record of progress and growth of the Press was available in each of the languages.
The case of Urdu Press, which is the second...
Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1
T of Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current perception as a sectarian language adopted...
more than two languages with equal or less equal proficiency.
A society is called bilingual or multilingual if the people there speak more than one language.
Bilingualism and multilingualism are referred to same thing mostly. Bilingualism may mean that the users of language are using more...
Urdu ki tareekh - history of Urdu language
Urdu is Persianised Hindi
Modern Urdu has taken almost 900 years to develop to its present form. The old Urdu was a mixture of Turkish, Persian (Farsi) and Arabic and was the language of the most powerful warrior tribes of Central and Southern Asia...
The Status and Role of Regional Languages in Higher Education in Pakistan
Sabiha Mansoor Available online: 29 Mar 2010
To cite this article: Sabiha Mansoor (2004): The Status and Role of Regional Languages in Higher Education in Pakistan, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural...
Language has been known as a symbol of identity since a long time. It is considered as a gelling force to keep the communities united. Urdu was the official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and used by both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language...
with the British. This helped the British to see them as a counter to the supposedly ‘disloyal Muslims’, So Hindus were keen to learn the English language and to acquire a British education in the subcontinent. This helped them to gain employment and to make progress in society. By 1871 there were 711...
Title Page i
Table of Contents iii
1. Code Switching in language Variations
2. Significance of the Study
3. Code Switching
2. Code Switching in Conversation
3. Code Switching as...
The question as to what would be the state language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its creation. Muslim scholars and leaders logically believed that Urdu, only spoken by 7%, should be the lingua franca because it had gained a reputation as the cultural symbol of subcontinental Muslims. However...
Table Of Contents:
• Punjabi Language
• Kinship Terminology in Punjabi and Urdu
• Table 1:Urdu and Punjabi Kinship Terms
• Results and Analysis of Data
• Table 2:Results of Questionnaire
Martial Status : Single
N.I.C # : 37105-0218406-1
Qualification : GRADUATION
Language : Urdu, English Fluent,(Diploma in English)
Computer Skills : Short Computer Courses
Email : ahsansheikh77@gmail...
Urdu-English Code-Switching: The Use of Urdu Phrases and Clauses In Pakistani English (A Non-native Variety)
This paper presents an analysis of Urdu-English code-switching in Pakistani English. However, data has been analysed only at the phrase and...
An Artificial Divide?
The purpose of this paper or 'the problem statement' is to analyze if Hindi and Urdu two separate...
perspective” – Nevin Reda, University of Toronto
English , Tamil
Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam – reading/writing
|Source Language |Target language |Can translate Both ways ...
Audio Group - C
As on 7.3.2007
List of the Patriotic Songs, Bhajans, Instrumental Music & Prayers
S.No. Details of Programme Duration Language Magnetic Tapes Audio CD Singer's/
(Title) Packet. Tape Cassettes ...
in 1864 for the translation of modern works of English into Persian and Urdu brought the Muslims into close contact with the literature other than their own. In 1866, the Aligarh Institute Gazette was published in English and Urdu simultaneously to highlight the importance of English and convince the...
The language of educated people in the sub-continent was Persian. But the British disliked it because it preserved the memories of Muslim’s power of influence afresh. So, they promoted Urdu language and financially assisted in its publication
* Jam-e-Jahan Numa: First printed Urdu newspaper...
and searching the secrets of eternity.
Dear Mr. President!
Iqbal had a unique, graceful and matchless beautiful style of poetry both in Urdu and Persian languages. No doubt he didn’t write poetry for the sake of poetry but to improve the status of man particularly the Muslims of the subcontinent as...
Q: What steps to foster the growth of Urdu has the government taken? 
ANS: The government has taken steps to foster the growth of Urdu. It is the
medium of instructions in many educational institutions in Pakistan. A dictionary
of office terms in Urdu has been published and steps have been taken...
undertaking was the foundation of the Scientific Society, which published translations of many educational texts and issued a bilingual journal, in Urdu and English. The institutions were for the use of all citizens and were jointly operated by Hindus and the Muslims; however, Sir Syed and many other...
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge Ordinary Level
FIRST LANGUAGE URDU Paper 2 Texts SPECIMEN PAPER
For Examination from 2015 2 hours
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Read these instructions carefully. Write your Centre number...
The term 'Urdu' and its origin
The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers...
RESEARCH IN BUSINESS
VOL 4, NO 12
THE ROLE OF MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION USED IN PAKISTANI CLASSROOMS
Dr. Aijaz Ahmed
Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science
and Technology, Karachi, PAKISTAN
Dr. Tayyaba Zarif
(Head of Education Department &
3 Subjects Mathematics – A Urdu – B Physics – C THE BRITISH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL IGCSE, GCSE and GCE O Level, Edexcel, 6 Subjects IGCSE: Physics – B Mathematics – B Information and Communication Technology – B English as a second language – B GCSE: Urdu – A* GCE O Level: Islamiyat –...