Every nation needs some marks of identity. Language is also amark of identification of any nation. Pakistan is a federation of four provinces and its national language is URDU.
URDU- THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE OF PAKISTAN
Urdu is our national language. It has played an importyant role in the articulation...
Urdu-English Code-Switching: The Use of Urdu Phrases and Clauses In Pakistani English (A Non-native Variety)
This paper presents an analysis of Urdu-English code-switching in Pakistani English. However, data has been analysed only at the phrase and...
The Origin of the Urdu Language:
The national language of the Pakistani people or our ‘qaumi zuban’ is interestingly, one that most of us learn as a second language. Unlike our first language, it is learnt primarily as a written phenomenon. In primary schools, the child encounters its alphabet ‘alif...
Title Page i
Table of Contents iii
1. Code Switching in language Variations
2. Significance of the Study
3. Code Switching
2. Code Switching in Conversation
3. Code Switching as...
The Urdu-English Controversy in Pakistan Author(s): Tariq Rahman Source: Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Feb., 1997), pp. 177-207 Published by: Cambridge University Press Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/312861 . Accessed: 02/03/2011 04:06
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An Artificial Divide?
The purpose of this paper or 'the problem statement' is to analyze if Hindi and Urdu two separate...
undertaking was the foundation of the Scientific Society, which published translations of many educational texts and issued a bilingual journal, in Urdu and English. The institutions were for the use of all citizens and were jointly operated by Hindus and the Muslims; however, Sir Syed and many other...
the developments in the language press, J. Natarajan, in his pioneering and famous History of Indian Journalism, said that “an important impediment” was that no “coherent connected” record of progress and growth of the Press was available in each of the languages.
The case of Urdu Press, which is the second...
Martial Status : Single
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Language : Urdu, English Fluent,(Diploma in English)
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brought to the Urdu language over the period of time. The two I will be discussing are:
* Differences in schooling.
* Government role in making English as an official language.
However these two reasons are interlinked. At sir Amjad’s time English was taught like a foreign language in schools...
Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1
T of Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current perception as a sectarian language adopted...
3 Subjects Mathematics – A Urdu – B Physics – C THE BRITISH INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL IGCSE, GCSE and GCE O Level, Edexcel, 6 Subjects IGCSE: Physics – B Mathematics – B Information and Communication Technology – B English as a second language – B GCSE: Urdu – A* GCE O Level: Islamiyat –...
The question as to what would be the state language of Pakistan was raised immediately after its creation. Muslim scholars and leaders logically believed that Urdu, only spoken by 7%, should be the lingua franca because it had gained a reputation as the cultural symbol of subcontinental Muslims. However...
The term 'Urdu' and its origin
The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers...
Post Colonial Impact on Urdu Language Lovers in Anita Desai’s In Custody
Dr.A.CHANDRA BOSE, PhD.,
Assistant Professor of English
The Madura College (Autonomous)
Madurai, Tamilnadu -625 011
Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab
The language played the significant role in the creation of identities among the major communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities...
perspective” – Nevin Reda, University of Toronto
English , Tamil
Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam – reading/writing
|Source Language |Target language |Can translate Both ways ...
Table Of Contents:
• Punjabi Language
• Kinship Terminology in Punjabi and Urdu
• Table 1:Urdu and Punjabi Kinship Terms
• Results and Analysis of Data
• Table 2:Results of Questionnaire
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge Ordinary Level
FIRST LANGUAGE URDU Paper 2 Texts SPECIMEN PAPER
For Examination from 2015 2 hours
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Q: What steps to foster the growth of Urdu has the government taken? 
ANS: The government has taken steps to foster the growth of Urdu. It is the
medium of instructions in many educational institutions in Pakistan. A dictionary
of office terms in Urdu has been published and steps have been taken...
The Status and Role of Regional Languages in Higher Education in Pakistan
Sabiha Mansoor Available online: 29 Mar 2010
To cite this article: Sabiha Mansoor (2004): The Status and Role of Regional Languages in Higher Education in Pakistan, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural...
Urdu ki tareekh - history of Urdu language
Urdu is Persianised Hindi
Modern Urdu has taken almost 900 years to develop to its present form. The old Urdu was a mixture of Turkish, Persian (Farsi) and Arabic and was the language of the most powerful warrior tribes of Central and Southern Asia...
in 1864 for the translation of modern works of English into Persian and Urdu brought the Muslims into close contact with the literature other than their own. In 1866, the Aligarh Institute Gazette was published in English and Urdu simultaneously to highlight the importance of English and convince the...
Code-Switched English words in Urdu
This research project aims at investigating the frequency rate of switched words of English,a second language(L2), in Urdu a native language (L1).In Pakistan research on various aspects has been conducted but at which rate Urdu-English code switching occurs...
and searching the secrets of eternity.
Dear Mr. President!
Iqbal had a unique, graceful and matchless beautiful style of poetry both in Urdu and Persian languages. No doubt he didn’t write poetry for the sake of poetry but to improve the status of man particularly the Muslims of the subcontinent as...
Audio Group - C
As on 7.3.2007
List of the Patriotic Songs, Bhajans, Instrumental Music & Prayers
S.No. Details of Programme Duration Language Magnetic Tapes Audio CD Singer's/
(Title) Packet. Tape Cassettes ...
more than two languages with equal or less equal proficiency.
A society is called bilingual or multilingual if the people there speak more than one language.
Bilingualism and multilingualism are referred to same thing mostly. Bilingualism may mean that the users of language are using more...
Language has been known as a symbol of identity since a long time. It is considered as a gelling force to keep the communities united. Urdu was the official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and used by both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language...
RESEARCH IN BUSINESS
VOL 4, NO 12
THE ROLE OF MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION USED IN PAKISTANI CLASSROOMS
Dr. Aijaz Ahmed
Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science
and Technology, Karachi, PAKISTAN
Dr. Tayyaba Zarif
(Head of Education Department &
with the British. This helped the British to see them as a counter to the supposedly ‘disloyal Muslims’, So Hindus were keen to learn the English language and to acquire a British education in the subcontinent. This helped them to gain employment and to make progress in society. By 1871 there were 711...