Sample Proposition of Fact (Informative) Outline
(This is also a Definition Argument)

Topic: University and college sports as a lucrative industry
Organizational Pattern: Topical
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the large amounts of money colleges get from student athletes.
Primary Audience Outcome: I want my audience to understand how college athletes are exploited and used by colleges and universities, and how athletes are not allowed to make money off of their own talents.

Thesis: University and college sports are a lucrative industry that uses the definition to define athletes as amateurs in order to avoid paying college athletes a salary.


Attention Getter: Every year, thousands of student athletes across America sign the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s Form 08-3a, the “Student-Athlete” form, waiving their right to receive payment for the use of their name and image (McCann, 2009). Psychological Orientation: Like you, these students work hard and devote a lot of time to their college classes. However, athletes also spend additional hours in training and practice for their university athletics. Logical Orientation: The form defines student athletes as amateurs, who cannot receive payment for playing their sports. (Evidence: Definition) While their schools and coaches may make millions of dollars in salaries and endorsement deals and are the highest-paid public employees in many states, student athletes can never earn a single penny from their college athletic careers.

I. College athletics are a lucrative industry.

A. The most visible college sports, men’s football and basketball, generate staggering sums of money.

1. According to Michael Smith and John Ourand, of SportsBusiness Journal, the twelve universities in the Southeastern Conference receive $205 million each year from CBS and ESPN for the right to broadcast its football games (Smith, 2011). (Evidence: Statistic)
2. Even more...

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