INSTITUTION: AFRICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY
CAMPUS: TOWN CAMPUS
COURSE: PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES
UNIT: WRITING SKILLS
UNIT CODE: PCS 001
STUDENT NAME: TERRY IMMER WANJIRU
STUDENT ID: 14M03ACPS043
TITLE: CORRUPTION ERRADICATION
LECTURER: EDNA THUMM
DATE OF SUBMISSION: 1ST JULY 2014
Table of Contents
Corruption is a symptom of weakness in the political, social, legal and economic systems of a country. An effective litmus test to assist in determining the difference between corrupt and non-corrupt actions is whether activities are carried out in an open, transparent, and accountable manner for, even where corruption is widespread; its practitioners strive to keep it hidden from public view.
Forms of Corruption
Corruption takes a variety of forms including bribery, nepotism, patronage, theft of state assets, evasion of taxes, diversion of revenues and electoral fraud. Below are the forms of corruption.
Bribery and Grease Payments
Bribery refers to payments sought by public officials or used by private agents in return for the supplying of favors such as government contracts, benefits, lower taxes, licenses or legal outcomes. Many observers make a distinction between ‘grease’ corruption where money is paid to officials in order to get things done faster, and payments made to or sought for illegal actions.
Petty and Grand Corruption
‘Petty corruption’ refers to relatively small transactions between lower level government officials and the public. This level of corruption often affects the provision of goods and government services to the people. The latter, ‘grand’ corruption involves senior officials, ministers, and heads of state and takes place at the highest levels of political authority. Grand corruption exists when politicians and political decision-makers,
Who are entitled to formulate, establish and implement the laws in the name of the people, are themselves corrupt...