Corruption is the practice of causing someone else to do the contrary of what they are expected to do. It is an unethical conduct to someone entrusted in a position of authority for individual gains. It includes many activities like enticement and stealing. Around the world, corruption has been the leading cause of poverty. Corruption is at all levels of the society as all the arms of the government, businesses, and all services globally. Corruption hits the poor most and undermines growth in the economy, politics, democracy and natives’ health. Discussed here are the different forms of corruption, their effects, relation and the course of action to be taken to reduce the rate at which this crime has grown.
There are several broad classifications of corruption like political, petty, grand, systematic, Legal/moral and individual corruption.
Corruption in politics undermines the good governance by subverting formal processes. When it reaches the public administration, there occurs inadequate provision of services. There is also a reduction in accountability, misallocation of resources, and poor representation in policy making when there is corruption in elections.
This form of fraud occurs when public officials meet the public during the implementation of certain public services. For instance, use of personal connections and trading of small improper gifts for favors in various government routine procedures. This form of corruption is mostly committed by the significantly underpaid junior and middle-level officials.
Grand corruption is a very dangerous form of corruption. It takes place at the top levels of the public sphere during rules and policies formulation. It compromises the design and implementation of policy making by corrupt practices. To ensure that they do tenders and contracts awarding to selected contractors, public officers in...