1. The Incas: created the largest empire in the Americas.
Olmecs: the people of what is now Mexico an much of Central America. Created the first truly complex society in the Americas
Mayans: Developed a written language, a numerical system similar to Arabic, an accurate calendar, an advanced agriculture system, and important trade routes into other areas and continents.
Aztecs: They established a city known as Tenochtitlan, on a large island in a lake in central Mexico, the site of present-day Mexico City. They brought in other people from different tribes. It became the greatest city ever created in the Americas to that point. They also became the most dominate tribe in Mexico.
2. The Eskimos of the Arctic Circle fished and hunted seals; their land spanned thousands of miles of largely frozen land, which they traversed by dogsled.
Others lived by farming, hunting, fishing, and farming the land.
3. Some tribes where growing and expanding while others were just disappearing without a trace.
4. The debate over the population is part of the debate of the arrival of millions of Europeans weather it was a great advance in the history of civilization or an unparallel catastrophe that exterminated the large native population.
5. For the Europeans it began as a search for a new route to wealth in the east. The Spaniards came for gold and other wealth. Overcrowding and lack of opportunity also brought the Europeans to the New World.
6. Columbus hoped to find a new trade route to Asia. What he actually found was the New World.
7. They were looking for wealth just as the rest of the Europeans were. The Natives just stood in their way. Cortés and his army had, unknowingly, released an assault on the Aztecs far more tragic than military attack: they had exposed the natives to smallpox during an early and mostly harmless visit to Tenochtitlan.
8. After Onate was removed from his position of governor, the relations between the Spanish and Pueblo Indians improved....