The discovery and excavation of Pompeii and Herculaneum had much influence on the visual arts of late 18th and early 19th century. The discovery of Pompeii and Herculaneum prompted the neo-classical style, which is based on art and architecture of classical Greece and Rome.
Johann Joachim Winckelmann was most notably considered to be the father of art history. He studied Roman antiquities and later with the discovery of Pompeii and Herculaneum he was noted saying that the best way to become great is to imitate Greek art and architecture. His ideas were very much applied to later artists’ who looked to Greek and Roman art for inspiration.
An example of this is with painter Jacques-Louis David. A famous painting of his is the Oath of the Horatii. This painting, like most of Roman art is used as political propaganda. The French Revolution was about to occur and this painted depicted patriotism and loyalty to one’s country. David was also hired by Napoleon to do several paintings.
Neo-classicism became the official style during the Napoleonic period. Napoleon was very much influenced by the discovery of these cities, so much that he sought to remake all of Paris. His architects worked together to create what is now the Arch de Triomphe, which is based off the Roman Arch of Titus. Napoleon, along with his advisors, also redecorated much of the royal residencies. The Greco-Roman style was incorporated in the redecoration of the furniture and interior design.
Another example of the influence from the discovery of these two cities, in the late 18th century and early 19th century, was the use of “Pompeii red” which became popular throughout Europe.
In the early 20th century, colonialism brought upon art from the Far East that was not well known to European artists. Some of the countries’ art that were influential to Europeans was Africa and India. With colonialism came the new found “primitive art”, which became very influential to Pablo...