This research is being submitted on March, 21 2013, for Mr. Stephan Fuchs
J420/CJE4176 Section 01 Crimes Across Borders
Border patrol has been around since the year 1904 when mounted watchmen were assigned to patrol the south border from Texas to San Diego. The main concern back then was to stop the illegal entry of Chinese immigrants. The issue of people and goods entering or leaving the country and the civil war in Mexico that lasted over 10 years created an influence of people into the country, These and many other issues grabbed the attention of congress. Congress passed a constitutional amendment that limits the number of immigrants allowed in the United States. The act of 1921 and 1924 that restricted the numbers of immigrants, created the problem for border patrol as people from all over the world tried illegal entry if they were denied legal entry. Therefore, the Border Patrol missions became more important to the citizens of the United States and the U.S. Government.
After the attacks of September 11, 2001 and the expansion of the Homeland Security, border control became a large concern. In 2003 the Department of Homeland Security was created and the U.S. Border Patrol became part of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Departments were expanded and created to focus on other immigration issues like the control of commerce, human smuggling, drugs, and weapons, just to mention a few.
Border control has become the main responsibility of the U.S. Customs and border protection. They are responsible for the protection and sovereignty of our nation by land and any port of entry. They are responsible for patrolling for over 7514 of combined miles with the borders of Mexico and Canada. They patrolled the borders and work on stopping illegal immigrants, drug dealers, criminals, terrorists, illegal drugs, weapons, and counterfeit products from entering the country...