My name is Patrick Reeds and I will be talking about how the Electoral College effects voting. I would like to start off with a little history of the Electoral College. Keep in mind you have to understand the problem the problem our founding fathers were dealing with. America was composed of thirteen large and small states all were suspicious of a central government. There were 4 million Americans spread up and down the east coast and nationally campaigning was thought to be impossible and political parties were thought to be evil.
The function of the College of Electors in choosing the president can be likened to that in the Roman Catholic Church of the College of Cardinals selecting the Pope. The original idea was for the most knowledgeable and informed individuals from each State to select the president based solely on merit and without regard to State of origin or political party. The structure of the Electoral College can be traced to the Centurial Assembly system of the Roman Republic. Under that system, the adult male citizens of Rome were divided, according to their wealth, into groups
of 100 (called Centuries). Each group of 100 was entitled to cast only one vote either in favor or against proposals submitted to them by the Roman Senate. In the Electoral College system, the States serve as the Centurial groups(though they are not, of course, based on wealth), and the number of votes per State is determined by the size of each State's Congressional delegation.
Still, the two systems are similar in design and share many of the same advantages and disadvantages.
The similarities between the Electoral College and classical institutions are not accidental. Many of the Founding Fathers were well schooled in ancient history and its lessons.
So in 1787 the first design of the Electoral College was created.
Basically each state had the same number of electors as congressman plus senators.
The states chose electors eliminating suspicions of any central...