Also, the government of Malaysia implements the National Education Policy. The National Education Development Plan 2001-2010, the Third Outline Perspective Plan 2001-2010, and the Knowledge-based Economy Master Plan are in tandem with the National Education Policy in terms of meeting the needs of the...
INTEGRATION AND NATIONAL UNITY
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
Malaysia is a unique country. It is made up of multi-ethnic group who are living in harmony. Conflict among ethnic group is rare and even if conflict occurs, is not to the extent of...
1. Define Dominant Caste.
The concept given by M.N. Srinivas holds that caste is Dominant when it is numerically higher than the other castes. The chief criteria are categorised into:-
1. Economic strength
2. Political Power
3. Ritual purity
4. Numerical Strength
The Dominant caste also wields...
Issues and Goals
National Integration and Secularism
NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND SECULARISM
You must have learnt and recited our national anthem, ‘Jana-gana-mana’. You would have also solemnly recited it with others on several occasions, especially while celebrating national events, such as...
1. RUKUN NEGARA: THE NATIONAL IDEOLOGY
4.1.1 The Background of Rukun Negara
|Date |Incidence/Instrument |Notes |
|13 May 1969 |Racial clash erupted ...
provides the means by which many other prized values can be realized, the successful management of economics lie at the center of how governments define their national interests. What practice should they embrace to regulate commercial and monetary activities within their borders? And what policies should each...
mode of dressing is similar when compared
Effort of national integration: these are the method the government in power adopted to foster national (unity integration in Nigeria. The ways are:
1) National symbols: this is the symbol of a country to show the people...
When President Obama came into office, one of the first things he did was appoint Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel, a bioethicist at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), as chief special adviser on health issues. Soon after, an internal discussion was advanced about the future direction...
a region, chose a trading bloc within that region, and write an article in favor of regional integration and another against it. I will also describe the advantages and disadvantages of regional integration within both articles and relate the stage of economic development of the economically integrated...
ethnocentrism. It is almost impossible to be objective about one’s culture and, in this sense, ethnocentrism can be a source of social solidarity and unity. However, ethnocentrism can also be a source of hostility, prejudice and conflict between groups. Also ethnocentrism can be a force of resistance to...
UK has consistently resisted integration into the European Community, a fact many scholars agree upon, even though it is a member of the European Union. This paper aims to offer a more detailed contextualization for the United Kingdom’s resistance to greater integration, focusing in particular on the...
structure of the Army. What Forces make up the Army?
One Regular Army and two Reserve Components: the Regular Army, the Army Reserve, and the
Army National Guard of the United States. Army Civilians support all three components.
What is the function of the Operating Force?
Operating forces consist...
The extraordinarily long period of peace that the continent has enjoyed after the Second World War is enough to prove that the project for European unity has been a remarkable success. In the 21st century, cooperation takes place at a scope and depth unparalleled by any other regional union in the world...
MULTILINGUAL/MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION AS AN INSTRUMENT OF NATIONAL UNITY
OGUNYEMI KEHINDE OLUFEMI
MULTILINGUALISM AND MULTICULTURALISM
Multilingualism and multiculturalism are two similar concepts with only a thin line separating them. According to Ajulo (2008) multilingualism...
small business. Some of which are described in the following paragraph:
Unity of Individuals and the Organization
The strength of small business is that individual employees retain their personal identities, yet support the unity of the organization. Employees understand and commit themselves to corporate...
Rehana Saeed Hashmi
University of the Punjab, Lahore.
National integration has remained an evolving pursue in all the post-colonial divided
societies. Although various approaches and strategies of national integration have been
opted , but the...
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
Vol. 2 No. 1; January 2012
The Malaysian Experience in Developing National Identity, Multicultural Tolerance and
Understanding through Teaching Curricula: Lessons Learned and Possible Applications
in the Jordanian Context
Dr. Fakhri R. Khader
Communication for social change is defined as “a process through which people define who they are, what they want, and how they can get what they want…social change is defined as change in people’s lives as they themselves define such change.” Today, the developing Republic of Kenya employs these two concepts...
have for the construction of national identities? How far, if at all, is it possible to have a (sense of) national identity without the media?
I will argue that national identity is a problematic concept, constructed through imagined indicators of unity, as well as through a process...
2. The Emerge of the European Union 32
3. European Nationalism: Transnational Integration 36
3.1. International Relations perspectives 36
3.2. Nationalism and Transnationalism 40
4. The future of Europe: National debates 46
4.1. The EU: State of Nations or Nation-State? 47
4.2. The European...
the bus boycott was gaining momentum, King was gaining national publicity. The resulting success of the Montgomery bus boycott made King a national hero for African Americans.
Dr. King’s 1963 Letter from Birmingham Jail inspired a growing national civil rights movement. In Birmingham, his goal was to...
to what it wants to achieve (National Interests) and what
it is capable of doing (Potential Power). These are the basic determinants which shape the
policies and actions of a state. Once a state has been recognized on an international forum, it
aims at defining a national purpose, and this purpose ultimately...
discuss factors that bind it together as well as factors that work against unity.
EUROPE : UNITED IN ITS DIVERSITY
The term 'Europe' has gradually developed throughout History, which makes it hard to define it. One geographical definition could be : 'A continent of the northern...
CPPS Policy Factsheet:
CPPS is pleased to bring to you its “CPPS Policy Fact Sheet” on national unity. In this factsheet, we will look at government policies which affect
national unity and explore their effects on social cohesion and integrity in Malaysia.
BACKGROUND Malaysia is...
of music seems to be the common thread that creates a bond throughout every generation, and in turn, music is attached to and is frequently used to define an era. “The impact of music is impossible to measure” (Vivian, pg. 254). A musical timeline holds and transports the details of significant events...
UNITY AND DIVERSITY IN
Geneva, March 2005
Unity and Diversity in Multicultural Societies
International Institute for Labour Studies
Copyright 8 International Labour Organization (International Institute for Labour Studies)...
FEDERAL CHARACTER AS A RECIPE FOR NATIONAL INTEGRATION:
THE NIGERIAN PARADOX.
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE,
UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN
The problem of representational equity in Nigeria started with the problem of an unequal North-South...
question above, it is worth mentioning that the two key points that this essay will analyse [the EU and the notion of sovereignty] are both really hard to define from just one point of view, therefore different theories will be taken into account to give a complete and fulfilling outlook of the effect that the...
International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
Vol. 2 No. 1; January 2012
The Malaysian Experience in Developing National Identity, Multicultural Tolerance and Understanding through Teaching Curricula: Lessons Learned and Possible Applications in the Jordanian Context
Dr. Fakhri R. Khader...
the achievement of this policy throughout several years. Make the critical arguments on predicting the success or the failure of this policy.
3. NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY: The Malaysian education system is being used to achieve many social objectives besides its conventional aim i.e. to provide students...