the case of language. In this essay we get to witness a connection between Hindi (old Hindi) and “Hindi” (new Hindi). Making of Hindi as a modern language connects to the programme of the imagining the nation largely in a broad manner.
Today when we speak of Hindi, we talk about larger conflicts...
, particularly those that were covered by glaciers in recent geologic times. The primary...
Interview And Essay On Qawwali's
Urdu, now the national language of Pakistan. Urdu is a Persianized variation of Hindi, the primary language of much of India. Urdu established itself as...
an adulteration has taken place but in my essay I have focused on some of the key aspects, for example, media, language, dress-code and education.
Beginning with the definition of culture:
Culture (Latin: cultura, lit. "Cultivation") is a term that has many different inter-related meanings. However...
The way you speak to a person depends on the language form you choose to speak in. At the same time, it also depends whom you are speaking to. There are a variety of ways of saying a particular sentence to a person. Let us take the sentence ”Hello, how are you,” if...
English a Medium of Instruction
A question we are still grappling with in Pakistan after 60 years is, what should be the language of instruction in our schools?
In Dhaka Quid-e-azam said “let me make it very clear to you that the state language of Pakistan is going to be Urdu and no other...
. Language and thought. Moyer Bell, 2004
36. Hanif, Mohammed. A case of exploding mangoes. Random House India, 2008
37. Greetham, B. How to write better essays. Palgrave, 2001
38. Quality assurance in higher education: a global perspective. Higher Education Commission, 2008
39. Finegan, E. Language...
, some Hindus began to demand that Hindi should be made an official language in place of Urdu. Communal violence broke out as firebrands took up the issue. Sir Syed had once stated, "I look to both Hindus and Muslims with the same eyes & consider them as my own eyes. By the word nation, I only mean...
, Edexcel, 6 Subjects IGCSE: Physics – B Mathematics – B Information and Communication Technology – B English as a second language – B GCSE: Urdu – A* GCE O Level: Islamiyat – D
WORK EXPERIENCE Jun – Sep 2008...
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge Ordinary Level
FIRST LANGUAGE URDU Paper 2 Texts SPECIMEN PAPER
For Examination from 2015 2 hours
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Read these instructions carefully. Write your Centre...
Arabic English Farsi Hindi Punjabi Urdu Basic - Familiar Conversational - Advanced Basic - Familiar Fluent - Full Knowledge Fluent - Full Knowledge Fluent - Full Knowledge
Teaching in Urdu, History, Education
. However, eastern Pakistanis regarded Urdu as the language of the elite, not the language of the people in the eastern province - who made up 56% of Pakistan's population - where Bangla was the mother tongue.
After Pakistan's "founding father" Muhammad Ali Jinnah and, later, fellow Bengali Khwaja...
DETAILS OF ESSAY COMPETITION
The essay competition is focused on making the youth of our country aware about the importance and
need of conservation of petroleum products.
(A) Essay competition is to be conducted in maximum of 15 languages as given below
Language in which essay...
the Hindu-Urdu Controversy’. In 1867 the Hindus demanded that Hindi should be made the next official language in place of Urdu (which had become the official language in 1825). It was not until after his death that Hindi became the second language, but the Hindu opposition to Urdu was another factor...
from Another Sky: The Bombay Film World of the 1940s, tr. by Khalid Hasan. Penguin India, 2000.
• Manto: Selected Stories, tr. by Aatish Taseer. Vintage/Random House India, 2008. ISBN 81-84001-44-4.
Manto's works online
• Toba Tek Singh in Urdu and English, plus essays in translation...
Parsi Theater, Urdu Drama, and the Communalization of Knowledge: A Bibliographic Essay
I its remarkable century-long history traversing the colonial and nationalist eras, the Parsi theater was unique as a site of communal harmony. The Parsi theater began in Bombay in the early...
deteriorated. They lost their previous power, glory and distinction as a nation. Their properties were confiscated and their jobs were withdrawn. British replaced Persian language with English as official language.
In the darkest hour of their life, the Muslim community produced a great and...
forms, often containing conflicting elements. An additional 12 percent are Muslims, deeply aware of their Islamic faith. Hindu, Urdu, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil, Telegu, Punjabi and other languages create minorities of their own. Tribal and neo- aboriginal peoples number almost 40 million. No contestant...
Written - 2000 Marks (Descriptive Type Question)
Paper I One Indian Language 300 Marks- Matriculation School Do not count for Ranking
PaperII English 300 Marks – (Qualifying Nature)
Paper III Essay 200 Marks =2000 Marks
Paper IV & V General Studies 300 Marks for each Paper...
the subcontinent above distinctions of coutry or religion. He was also a film and radio scriptwriter, and journalist. In his short life, he published twenty-two collections of short stories, one novel, five collections of radio plays, three collections of essays, two collections of personal sketches...
subcontinent. A scientific society established in 1864 for the translation of modern works of English into Persian and Urdu brought the Muslims into close contact with the literature other than their own. In 1866, the Aligarh Institute Gazette was published in English and Urdu simultaneously to...
current perception as a sectarian language adopted by Indian Muslims, marking their separation from the national collectivity. In this article I wish to explore these themes through the lens of literature, specifically an Indian English novel about Urdu entitled In Custody by Anita Desai. Writing in...
values which included the Urdu language. The Hindi-Urdu controversy had convinced Sir Syed that the Hindus were not sincere towards the Muslims. He issued a magazine entitled „Tehzib ul ikhlaq‟ in Urdu language in order to promote Urdu. Eminent Urdu writers like Syed Ahmed, Shibli Nomani, Mohsin Ul...
demanded that Hindi should be the next
official language. The Muslims were struck by this as Urdu had special
place in their hearts. This was another factor guiding him towards his two
Hindi-Urdu Controversy was started in 1867. Hindus demanded Hindi to be...
historical perspective” – Nevin Reda, University of Toronto
English , Tamil
Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam – reading/writing
|Source Language |Target language |Can translate Both...
in all categories. The difference between NGO and government schools was negligible. These results matched the opinions expressed in focal groups and interviews. Khan et al (1999) assessed learning achievement in Science, Mathematics, and Language (Urdu) for grade 4 students. The test instruments...
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The Resignation (Std IX)
Munshi Premchand is generally recognised as the foremost Hindi-Urdu writer during the early twentieth century. Premchand was born in the village Lamhi near Varanasi to Munshi Ajaib Lal, a clerk in the post office and his wife Anandi. In 1899, Premchand...
lives of students.
The Prescriptivist Tradition in Urdu
Thus it is not surprising to find that the first concern of the people who wrote about the
languages now used in Pakistan was about norms of ‘correctness’. Most of these people
were poets of Urdu who wrote in India much before Pakistan...
which deals with space-time in relation to the cultural dynamics. In Custody deals subtly with the diminishing Islamic and Muslim culture in India and the profile of Urdu as an official language. A parallel is drawn between Urdu and Hindi which is juxtaposed with the change of cultural dynamics...
STORAGE, FOR SOME CONDEMN THE TRANSLATION FOR CONTAINING TOO MANY SANSKRIT WORDS WHILE OTHERS CONDEMN IT FOR PROFUSE URDU WORDS. UTIMATELY ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLAIMS TO BE A DEVOTEE OF GODDESS SARASWATHI, HER LOYAL SERVANT. STILL THE JUDGE STICKS TO HIS GUNS. HE GIVEN HER FIFTEEN YEARS WITHIN WHICH...